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Two scientists won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Economics


Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson are the next two names to be awarded this award, with research in auction theory.

At 16:50 on 12/10 (Hanoi time), the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced the 2020 Nobel Prize in Economics to Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson. Both have contributed to the improvement of auction theory and the creation of new auction formats.

Paul Milgrom was born in 1948. Robert B. Wilson was born in 1937. Both are American and currently teach at Stanford University (USA).

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the auction was everywhere. People use auctions to buy and sell things on the Internet. However, each person’s goals are different. Some sellers want to maximize sales. Others use auction as a tool to reduce CO2 emissions. “The auction theory of Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson is the key to understanding how these goals can be achieved,” the agency said.

Paul R. Milgrom (left) and Robert B. Wilson. Image: Stanford University

Last year, the award went to three scientists Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer. They are awarded with research on an empirical approach to global poverty reduction.

Economics is usually the last award awarded each year with the Nobel Prize for Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Literature and Peace. The Nobel Prize for economics was not part of the original prize structure in the will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel. This award was added in 1968, on the 300th anniversary of the establishment of the Central Bank of Sweden – Sveriges Riksbank, which is also the fund contributor of this award.

However, the process of nominating, selecting and awarding the Nobel Prize in Economics is still similar to other fields. This year’s Nobel Prize winner in Economics will be awarded 10 million Swedish kronor (about 1.1 million USD).

To date, the Nobel Prize in Economics has been awarded 51 times to 84 scientists. The youngest was named at the age of 47, and the oldest was 90. Up to now, only two women have won this award.

List of Nobel Economics for the years 2009 – 2019

Year Award winners Construction nation
2019

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer

Empirical approach to global poverty reduction America and France
2018

William Nordhaus

Paul Romer

Climate economics

Endogenous growth theory

America
2017 Richard H. Taler Behavioral economics America
2016 Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmström Contract theory USA and Finland
2015 Angus Deaton The relationship between consumption, poverty and well-being America
2014 Jean Tirole How to manage corporations, large companies in the market. France
two thousand and thirteen Eugene F. Fama, Lars Peter Hansen, Robert J. Shiller Asset price analysis America
2012 Alvivin E. Rom and Lloyd S. Shapley Stable distribution theory and market-making practice America
2011 Thomas J. Sargent and Christopher A. Sims The relationship between macroeconomic policies and their impact on the economy America
2010 Peter A. Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen and Christopher A. Pissarides New formula for interaction in the market, between parties of goods, services, jobs … and seekers English, American
2009 Elinor Ostrom and Oliver E. Williamson Mode of operating the economy America

Ha Thu

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