In rugby, awareness of player concussions

The figures are alarming. According to a study by a team from the University of Glasgow, in October 2022, former rugby players are two and a half times more likely than the general population to develop neurodegenerative diseases. The researchers looked at 412 former Scottish rugby internationals before comparing them to 1,200 people from the general population. They reveal, for example, that the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease is three times higher.

In recent decades, professional rugby has shifted towards a more physical and faster game. Players have gained muscle mass, making shocks particularly violent, and concussions more frequent. But until a few years ago, few people took into account the severity and duration of symptoms. “There has always been this tradition, like in war: if you haven’t had your face torn off by a shell, it’s because you’re fit for combat. Looking more closely, we realize that it is still much more complex »analyzes Jean-François Chermann, neurologist, specialist in France for concussions in athletes.

Changing mindsets

According to this amateur player, rugby is not dangerous, but should be practiced with caution. This requires medical supervision, at all levels, which he helped to put in place. “We voted for the HIA criteria in 2013”, he recalls. These evaluation criteria following a head injury, dubbed “concussion protocol” in France, were developed to “Improve the management of head injuries”especially in cases where “the diagnosis is not immediately apparent”, says World Rugby. In addition to this medical framework, there is a framework for the rules. “There has been a total reform on the entry into the scrum, or on the way of making the keys, for example”, reminds the specialist.

Finally, the doctor notes a precious change in mentalities. “At the time, we had a real underestimation of the troubles, the players did not want to hear about it and participated in this omerta. »

The amateur world must progress

Since then, many cases of players having attacked their clubs in court for negligence have contributed to this increased vigilance by sports authorities. Last case to date, the rugby player Alexandre Lapandry, who suffers from the after-effects of a stroke following shocks. In December 2022, he filed several complaints against ASM Clermont-Auvergne, in particular for endangering the lives of others.

The evolutions of professional rugby must now spread to the amateur world. Today, 50% of concussed athletes, all sports combined, remain on the playing area. In rugby, since the HIA protocols, this figure has fallen from 50% to 18%. Other initiatives are emerging: the neurosurgeon David Brauge has established a protocol, after a concussion, intended for all general practitioners. The idea is to rely on this local network of caregivers accessible to all amateurs in the country.



Health of athletes: should headers be banned in football?

► “A threshold should be set around 18-20 years old”

Jean-Chazal, neurosurgeon

“The brain is a fragile organ. Athletes protect themselves with muscles that they work on a daily basis, but a certain number of organs, including the brain, cannot build muscle and remain as they are. The brain remains in a box that is protected by the same envelope, regardless of the sport. In football, a header can lead to a micro-injury, albeit anecdotal. But the repetition of these mini-shocks can have long-term consequences.

Today, it is estimated that the brain reaches full maturation around the age of 35, which is equivalent to the age at the end of an athlete’s career. We manufacture interconnects up to 25 years. Banning headers in football in general seems impossible, but you have to be aware that the brain is all the more sensitive when the subject is young.

I would be in favor of setting a threshold. That around 18-20 years old, heads in football are prohibited. After all, in society, on a social or legal level for example, you have pivotal ages: you have to be 18 to vote because it is believed that this is the age when you acquire the necessary maturity. In sport, it should be the same. Given the fragility of brains, there should also be a pivotal age in sport. »

► “Better to monitor than to prohibit at all costs”

Benjamin Bazeillehead of the SU Dives Cabourg football school

“I know in Scotland they have legislation to ban heads before the age of 12. In France, this is not yet the case. It is quite common that we question, because of scientific advances, what was done before.

I knew as a young player, a football where you could make headers and I’m not doing badly today. As an educator, it’s complicated to teach a youngster not to make a head during the course of the game. If the latter finds himself in a position to score in this way, for example, how do you expect the message is heard?

In my sessions, I encourage young people to practice full football, but in training, I do not insist on this practice. So to speak, the specific workshops on heading game are very episodic. Over a month of sessions, we may do a single rehearsal for the heads. Moreover, young children rarely put this into practice: on corners or set pieces, they generally prefer to set foot.

One way or another, we will always find reasons to change football. Legislating on heads would be one of them and I don’t think it’s a good idea. It is necessary to supervise more medically the young people rather than to prohibit with all goes. »



Sport: when the search for performance damages the body of athletes

Run faster, jump higher, shoot harder. Pushing your body, and sometimes your mind, always further, in search of the ultimate performance. The daily life of a high-level athlete, punctuated by training and restricted by dietary requirements, creates a very unique relationship with the body.

“The athlete’s body is his work tool”, recalls Mathieu Sissler, sports psychologist. However, winning at all costs has its share of consequences, and athletes run the risk of jeopardizing their physical and mental health. “It’s been proven: intense daily practice induces premature aging of the joints. We no longer count, for example, the operations of top athletes for defective cruciate ligaments”, adds the mental trainer.

Physical and psychological risk taking

To prevent these long-term lesions, doctors and psychologists play a key role in supporting athletes. But when they are launched in a race for records, how to convince them to take it easy or even slow down, so as not to cause irreversible physical injuries? ” It’s not always obvious, admits Mathieu Sissler. Among young athletes, we sometimes hear speeches like “If I have a medal, I can die in peace.” By stopping them in their tracks, we go against their dreams. »

“When you are 15, 16 or 17, the future seems far away. We don’t think about what comes next, adds Martin Ducret, sports doctor at the National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance (Insep). It’s our role to warn, even if it gives us a party pooper label. » Thinking of being slowed down in their progress, “Some athletes practice what is called medical nomadism: they go to see another doctor who will perhaps go more in their direction. »

For Élise Anckaert, head of the sports psychology unit at Insep, “A quest for performance also translates into a psychological risk, in particular of depression: limiting the athlete too much, telling him not to cross this or that level so as not to injure himself, we can demotivate him”. To accompany them well, she adds, it is necessary “Above all, present them with the factors that can alert and protect them. It is then up to them to evolve knowingly. It is the principle of the acrobat on his wire: our role is to help the sportsman and to help his body, to remain in balance, in a situation of imbalance”.

The weight of the surroundings

Certain figures in high-level sport reflect the consequences of this search for performance at all costs. “When you look at Rafael Nadal, you see a very great champion. But the reality is that he is already suffering a lot physically, with repeated injuries and a risk of suffering for the rest of his life, says Mathieu Sissler. It wouldn’t be surprising if he lived on corticosteroids for many years. This is the hidden side of the job. »

Recently, during the FIFA World Cup in Qatar, the Brazilian Neymar, victim of a sprain in the first match, returned to the field in the round of 16, less than a fortnight after his injury, when this guy injury usually requires three to four weeks of rest. “The Brazilian medical staff took a big risk by accelerating the recovery process”believes Martin Ducret.

Does the pressure come from the athlete’s entourage? “In reality, it’s quite rare for athletes to do more than what is asked of them. The problem often comes from coaches who are less aware of the risks and who see, in front of them, young people ready to do anything to surpass themselves,” believes Mathieu Sissler. Doctors, physiotherapists or osteopaths can set limits. “When an athlete has a sprain, the idea is to know until when he will be unavailable. But the bigger and richer the club, the more pressure there will be on the doctor’s shoulders. »

Prevention and follow-up

Often constrained by economic realities and in search of champions and performances, sports federations have not yet taken the full measure of the necessary physical and mental support., believes Mathieu Sissler. “Awareness of physical risks is growing, but there is a lack of real reflection, which is very current, to help the athlete manage his body over time”he argues.

“Prevention is not lacking now within the federations. Some, like the swimming, golf or tennis federation, are undoubtedly more advanced than others but, overall, everyone is progressing”, observes Élise Anckaert. According to the specialist, mental support and psychological prevention have become more democratic over the past ten years.

This development is accompanied by technological innovation, in particular by progress made in medical imaging. Developed as a diagnostic tool, this technique is used to better understand how the body works. The Bachaumont imaging center in Paris is a reference in the pathology of athletes. And, yet, ” Iasports medicine is not yet a specialty as such, it is a superspecialization, recalls Martin Ducret. But I think it will be! »


Insep, the factory of graduate champions

The National Institute for Sport, Expertise and Performance (Insep) offers diploma courses, initial and continuous, adapted to the needs and constraints of high-level sport.

The results of Insep’s “double project” led to exceptional results in 2022: 100% success in the baccalaureate and 78% of mentions; 88% success rate in the BTS Operational Commercial Management (MCO); 100% success rate for professional training related to sports professions; and 86% success rate for post-baccalaureate training.



Quintana case: why cycling banned tramadol

On the eve of its launch in Utrecht (Netherlands), the Colombian Nairo Quintana announced Thursday August 18 that he would not take the start of the Vuelta, the Tour of Spain cycling, of which he was one of the men to be continued. A day earlier, the climber from the French team Arkéa-Samsic had been disqualified from the Tour de France where he took sixth place last month. The International Cycling Union (UCI) justified its decision by revealing that two samples of the rider’s dried blood contained traces of tramadol, one of which had been taken on July 13 at the end of the 11e mountain stage at the top of the Col du Granon, where Quintana finished second behind Dane Jonas Vingegaard, the future winner of the event.

Since this is a first offense, the Colombian remained authorized to run in competition. But the winner of the Vuelta 2016 judged not to be “in good condition” to align, preferring ” to return [chez lui]organize and prepare [sa] defense about the news that [lui] has arrived”. In a press release, he assures us that he completely unaware of knowing and having used this substance during [sa] career. » He has ten days to inform the Court of Arbitration for Sport of his wish to appeal this decision.

The announcement also comes the day after the 32-year-old rider’s contract extension until 2025, announced by his team. In 2020, she had already been targeted in France by an investigation, opened for suspicion of doping without any guilt having been declared since.

Prohibited in racing, but not yet considered doping

Banned from racing since 2019 by the UCI, tramadol has not yet been included by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) on its list of doping products, although it has placed it under surveillance for ten years. “It is perfectly legal for a runner to take tramadol as part of a prescription because he suffers from acute low back pain, for example. But in these conditions, he does not take the risk of being on a bike in the middle of the peloton “, explained Xavier Bigard, the medical director of the UCI.

“Without being generalized, there was misuse among some runners. Its primary function as an analgesic has been diverted to delay the onset of pain, which is the main factor limiting sports performance,” recalls Roger Legeay, former professional cyclist and co-founder fifteen years ago of the Movement for Credible Cycling (MPCC), whose doctors from member teams had pledged from 2013 to no longer prescribe tramadol.

Drowsiness, dizziness: health risks for runners

Nevertheless, the UCI’s ban was primarily intended to preserve the health and safety of the runner”, specifies the instance on its site. The decision had come to conclude a debate on the question of the massive falls observed in the race, and that the immediate side effects of tramadol, such as drowsiness or the appearance of dizziness, could have favored.

On the Tour of Spain, I have already seen the Sky riders lead the peloton. Going up to their height when attacking a pass, I realized that the guys were sleeping on their bikes. I asked one of them a question, he was drooling and looked at me with a hallucinated look, testified in 2016 to Release a rider on condition of anonymity, two years after Canadian Michael Barry became the first rider to publicly denounce the abuse of tramadol in the peloton. Especially since the consumption of this opium derivative can lead to “a longer-term addiction”insists the doctor of one of the 15 formations affiliated to the MPCC out of the 17 in the ProTour category, the equivalent of the second division of world cycling, in addition to half of the 18 elite teams.

The Nairo Quintana case represents the first known positive test for tramadol since 2019. An exception in the eyes of Roger Legeay, who wants to believe that “This problem is now solved in cycling. This is not the case for Quintana who will re-examine the use of tramadol in the professional peloton. The last step is for WADA to put it on the list of doping products, and they are considering it. »



Death of Maradona: eight health professionals tried for manslaughter

Eight health professionals will be tried in Argentina for manslaughter with aggravating circumstances, at the end of the investigation into the death of footballer Diego Maradona in 2020.

Football legend Maradona died at the age of 60 from a cardio-respiratory crisis on November 25, 2020, alone on his medical bed in a residence in northern Buenos Aires, while recovering from neurosurgery. He suffered from kidney and liver problems, heart failure, neurological deterioration, and addiction to alcohol and psychotropic drugs.

Breaches and negligence

An Argentinian judge from the municipality of San Isidro confirmed on Wednesday June 22 that a trial would be held for eight of these professionals, including a neurosurgeon family doctor, a psychiatrist, a nursing manager and nurses. The prosecution had requested this dismissal in April, pointing out shortcomings and negligence in the care of the ex-star, who was recovering at home.

The eight suspects will be tried for “simple homicide with dolus eventualis”, a typical offense when a person commits negligence knowing that it could result in someone’s death. They risk sentences ranging from 8 to 25 years in prison, but should appear free at trial, the San Isidro prosecutor’s office having never requested their pre-trial detention.

According to prosecutors, the personnel in charge of Maradona had been “protagonist of an unprecedented, totally deficient and reckless home hospitalization”and would have committed a “series of improvisations, mismanagement and shortcomings”. An expert report, as part of the investigation, concluded that the former player had been “left to his fate” by his medical team, leading him to a slow agony.

Psychologist, doctor or nurse, the suspects had all defended their actions during their hearings, within the framework of their field of competence, at the bedside of the champion. Leopoldo Luque, attending physician and confidant of Maradona appearing among the defendants, had said to himself “proud of what (he) has done”ensuring to have “tried to help” Maradona. No date has yet been confirmed for the trial.



Keep in mind, fitness gadgets are not increasing your tension.

Fitness Gadgets Side Effects: Sleep monitoring, stress monitoring and 24X7 monitoring of heart beat can at times increase your discomfort rather than reduce it. Use these fitness tools, but if your vital signs are slightly up and down and you are worried about it, then use them in limit.

Smart watch gives Nocebo effect- Nosibo effect is a term in which sometimes a thing, event or thought affects you negatively. Your BP is slightly up and down but you do not know, but if the smart watch will get the update of BP all the time and you come under tension if it is more or less then it is called nosibo effect.

Do not wear smart watch all the time- It has been revealed in many researches that monitoring of oxygen in the blood all the time or monitoring of heart beat increases the stress further. Sometimes the heart beat is more or less, but all this is not even known, but through monitoring, you keep getting to know about these things.

Know your own sleep pattern If you are told that you have to sleep for 8 hours under supervision, then you may not get as deep sleep as it normally does. Similarly, if you sleep wearing a smart watch to monitor your sleep, then you will not get that deep sleep.

stress and do not increase- Even if you are not a BP patient, then many times a day the BP goes up and down a little, but if you do not know, then there is no tension. But if the notification starts coming after a little bit less BP, then the stress starts increasing, so do not monitor BP all the time.

Do not increase heart beat Even in smart watch, monitoring of heart beat all the time is not a good thing. If the heart beat increases in sports or any other activity, then its notification starts coming in the watch, due to which the stress increases further. All these gadgets are better for those people who do not care about these things, but excessively sensitive people start getting upset when their vital sign is slightly up and down, then use these gadgets less.

Also read: Health Tips: Feed These 5 Things To Children, There Will Be No Zinc Deficiency In The Body

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Fatigue dominates in the summer season, these desi drinks will give energy

Summer Special Drinks: In the summer season, physical fatigue occurs quickly, as well as mental fatigue also becomes very dominant. Because with sweating, the level of water in the body drops very fast (Dehydration), with which the level of minerals also starts decreasing. Due to this, the brain does not get full energy to work and mental fatigue starts to dominate.

Now the question is how to get instant relief from this fatigue and how to bring up the energy level. So the answer is Desi Drinks. Those soft drinks which have been used in our country for centuries. Which drinks work immediately for mental eradication? Learn here…

1. Rose Soft Drink
You can drink any Ayurvedic syrup made from roses mixed with cold water or milk. You will get mental peace as soon as you drink it. Especially the benefit will be when you make it in milk and drink it.

2. Cold Milk and Jaggery
You should consume cold milk with jaggery. It will also provide you coolness in the summer season and will also remove mental fatigue.

3. Lemonade
In addition to sugar, add black salt to lemonade. By drinking this, you will get instant energy and you will also experience mental peace.

4. Buttermilk and Jaggery

You can also eliminate your fatigue immediately by drinking plain buttermilk with jaggery. Buttermilk provides coolness to the body and jaggery increases energy. This eliminates fatigue immediately.

5. Other Beverages

Jaljeera, mango panna, milk lassi, curd lassi all these drinks work effectively in eradicating physical fatigue as well as mental fatigue. You can consume them once or twice a day.

6. There is a desire to drink something hot

If you are tired and want to drink something hot instead of cold to get instant energy, then you should drink saffron milk. If you do not want to drink milk, then you can drink fennel tea or you can take mint tea. All these work to relieve fatigue and may be hot in taste, but they are full of cooling properties to the body.

Disclaimer: The methods, methods and claims mentioned in this article are to be taken only as suggestions, ABP News does not confirm them. Before following any such treatment/medication/diet, consult a doctor.

Read also: Mustard seeds are very beneficial, easy medicine to prevent many diseases
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Thyroid has increased weight, so control in this way

Weight Gain In Thyroid: Nowadays many people are troubled by the problem of enlarged thyroid. The problem of thyroid enlargement has been seen more especially in women. Thyroid is of two types, one in which the affected person is more fat and in one the person starts becoming too thin. By the way, most people are troubled by the increasing obesity due to thyroid. In such a situation, it becomes very difficult to reduce the increased weight. If you are also troubled due to increased thyroid due to thyroid, then take care of these things. This will reduce your weight easily.

Actually, the problem of thyroid is related to your lifestyle to a great extent. If you eat more fast food or are careless about food and drink, then your weight increases rapidly. The problem of thyroid gets aggravated due to unhealthy lifestyle and when thyroid increases then obesity also starts increasing.

how to lose weight in thyroid
garlic- If the weight has increased in the thyroid, then garlic has been considered very beneficial to reduce it. Many such medicinal properties are found in garlic which benefit the body. Garlic removes many disorders of the body. Garlic also helps in weight loss. For this, take garlic buds on an empty stomach.

green tea- If you have increased weight then you must drink green tea. Green tea helps thyroid patients to lose weight. You must drink green tea daily. Thyroid patients drink green tea at least twice a day. This will make it easier to lose weight.

Do yoga- Yoga is a good way to control thyroid. This will also reduce your weight. To reduce the increased weight in the thyroid, you can do yogasanas like Sarvangasana, Halasana, Throne, Humyasana, Matsyasana. This will help in weight loss.

Disclaimer: ABP News does not confirm the methods, methods and claims mentioned in this article. Take these only as suggestions. Before following any such treatment/medication/diet, consult a doctor.

Also read: Curd Eating Tips: Ayurvedic method of eating curd, will prevent many diseases

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Moringa controls diabetes and keeps the heart healthy, definitely consume it

Moringa Health Benefits: Maringa is considered very beneficial in Ayurveda. Moringa pods and leaves are used in many medicines. Moringa is called Sahajan. You will find its trees in many places and homes. Protein, calcium, iron, amino acids, vitamins A and C are found in Moringa. Minerals are also rich in Moringa. Eating this helps in controlling diabetes and also keeps the heart healthy. Everything from its leaves to beans is very beneficial. Let us know how beneficial Moringa is in diabetes.

1- Control diabetes- Blood sugar level is controlled by eating Moringa leaves. Eating them reduces the risk of diabetes. Moringa contains chlorogenic acid, which keeps blood sugar level under control after eating food.

2- Keep the heart healthy- By eating Moringa leaves, the cholesterol level is reduced, which does not cause heart-related problems. If your cholesterol is high then it can lead to clotting of blood vessels and there is a risk of heart attack.

3- Help to increase immunity- Immunity is strengthened by eating Moringa ie Drumstick leaves. Its leaves are rich in phytonutrients that strengthen the immune system. They also help in fighting any kind of infection. Drumstick is rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Iron.

4- Remove fatigue and weakness- By eating Moringa, the body gets energy, which removes the problem of fatigue. Moringa leaves are rich in iron and help in removing drowsiness and weakness.

5- Make bones strong- Moringa leaves are also rich in calcium and phosphorus, due to which bones become strong and healthy. Moringa leaves also have anti-inflammatory properties that help you fight arthritis and osteoporosis.

Disclaimer: ABP News does not confirm the methods, methods and claims mentioned in this article. Take these only as suggestions. Before following any such treatment/medication/diet, consult a doctor.

Also read: Salad With Food: Raw salad should not be eaten with food, this trend came with the British in the country

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Cooked food and raw salad should not be eaten together, know the reason

Ayurvedic Food Tips: Many people may be surprised to know this thing about salad. For many people, even believing in this truth will not be possible. But it is true that in Ayurveda, it is forbidden to consume cooked and raw food together. The salad that you eat with food considering it healthy, it benefits you only when you eat it separately from the meal. Learn more about it here…

What can I eat with food?

  • If you have to eat salad with food, then you can use only onion, that too with lemon and black salt.
  • You can use pickles and eat papads to taste with food.

What should not be eaten with food?

  • To keep the stomach clean and digestion right, you should not eat cucumber-cucumber or other fruit-vegetable salad with food.
  • Curd should not be taken with food. Yes, you can use buttermilk tempered with cumin and asafoetida.
  • Lassi should not be taken with food.

When should I eat salad?

  • You can consume food items like salad, curd, lassi and plain buttermilk between two meals. For example, after breakfast in the morning, in the break before lunch. That is, around 11-12 o’clock. Or in the break between lunch and dinner. In the evening snack time.

How did the trend of salads with food start?

  • According to Ayurvedacharya Dr Rekha, it is not allowed to take raw and cooked food together in Ayurveda. Because the food consumed in this way becomes the cause of indigestion, gas, sour belching etc. Also, the body does not get all the qualities of food. In our country, the trend of eating salad with cooked food started after the arrival of the British.
  • Vaidya doctor Surendra Singh says that it is not customary for Britishers to cook food in the same way as it is prepared here. In such a situation, according to the climate and nature of their country, there can be a culture of eating raw and cooked food together. But both the climate and lifestyle of our country do not allow to eat raw and cooked food together. In Ayurveda also it has been considered as Not Allowed. For a healthy life, we all have to follow the rules of Ayurveda.

Disclaimer: The methods, methods and claims mentioned in this article are to be taken only as suggestions, ABP News does not confirm them. Before following any such treatment/medication/diet, consult a doctor.

Read also: From heart attack to cholesterol, these simple lifestyle tips protect you from deadly diseases

Read also: These 5 symptoms show that you are eating less than the body needs

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