The Drug Administration of Vietnam, the Ministry of Health, on May 5 warned about fake antiviral drug molnupiravir discovered in Switzerland, on the label stating the place of manufacture in Vietnam.
Specifically, the World Health Organization (WHO) information about a drug molnupiravir 400 mg, packaged in a bottle of 20 hard capsules, discovered in Switzerland. On the label of this product it says Manufactured by Co., Ltd., 1 so 40 dai, An Phu Ward, Tx. Thuan An, Tinh Binh Duong, Vietnam, ie manufactured at Co., Ltd in An Phu ward, Thuan An town, Binh Duong province. Test results in Switzerland show that the drug does not contain the active ingredient listed on the label.
The Drug Administration of Vietnam has recognized that this is a fake drug, but it is not clear what drug this is and where it comes from. The Department requires the local health departments to notify the business establishments, use the drug and publish on the website content about counterfeit drugs molnupiravir. People are advised not to trade and use fake drugs; authorities verify, find the origin of this product to handle.
Molnupiravir is an antiviral drug, used by Vietnam and many countries to treat Covid-19 for mild, asymptomatic F0. To date, in the country, the Ministry of Health has only licensed the production and circulation of 3 drugs containing the active ingredient molnupiravir, including: Molravir 400 of Boston Pharmaceutical Joint Stock Company, and Movinavir 200 mg of Chemical Joint Stock Company. – Mekorpha and Molnupiravir Stella 400 pharmaceuticals of Stellapharm Co., Ltd. These three drugs must strictly comply with legal regulations on pharmaceutical ingredients, announcement and labeling, uses and side effects if any…
This is a prescription drug, pharmacies only sell it for F0, which is confirmed by the authorities or has a video recording of his positive rapid test, prescribed by a doctor… according to the regulations of the Ministry of Health. , avoid speculation, increase prices for profit.
Before that, the Ministry of Health repeatedly warned about fake Covid-19 drugs, erasing drug dates for sale, profiteering when market demand increased. On the free market, there are drugs advertised as molnupiravir manufactured in Russia and China… on the packaging with labels written in Russian and Chinese, not licensed for circulation by the Ministry of Health.
The Ministry of Health on the afternoon of April 29 explained that the lack of drugs to prevent kidney transplant rejection in the past 10 days at Cho Ray Hospital was undesirable, because the bidding and price negotiations had not yet resulted.
The leading health agency said that it was reviewing the bidding list and evaluating and clarifying bids, so it was not possible to buy drugs for patients. The National Drugs Centralized Shopping Center is conducting bidding and price negotiation.
Price negotiation is a new form of bidding and applies only to drugs, from 2018, according to the Ministry of Health. Drug Price Negotiating Council is negotiating prices for 66 generic brand-name drugs, including anti-rejection drugs used in kidney transplant patients. This process is slow due to the need to collect, analyze and process a large amount of information related to each negotiated drug and requires the coordination of many other ministries and sectors such as Finance, Industry and Trade, Planning and Investment. , General Department of Customs…
“The first time conducting negotiations on a large number of generic brand-name drugs with limited human resources, mainly part-time, are difficulties affecting the price negotiation progress,” the Ministry of Health stated in the report. announcement on the afternoon of April 29.
While waiting for price negotiations, the Ministry of Health said that Cho Ray Hospital is choosing a contractor to supply drugs in “appropriate forms” to have medicine right after the holiday of April 30. Cho Ray also contacted medical facilities with drugs in Ho Chi Minh City to transfer patients for treatment and enjoy health insurance policies as prescribed.
Previously, a kidney transplant patient reported that Cho Ray Hospital ran out of some drugs on the list of drugs covered by health insurance, this situation lasted for more than 10 days. Many people have to buy medicine from outside, which costs 6-15 million VND. A representative of Cho Ray Hospital said that it would propose to Ho Chi Minh City Social Security to refund people who bought drugs.
Anthony Fauci, President Biden’s medical adviser, said the US has come out of a full-blown pandemic phase, into a period of endemic disease.
“We are in a transition period, the number of infections is decreasing, preparing to enter a phase where the disease is more controlled and gradually circulating,” Fauci said on April 27.
This comment came a day after Fauci’s interview with the show NewsHour by PBS, in which he believes the country “has come out of the pandemic phase with more than 900,000 new infections per day, tens of thousands of hospitalizations and thousands of deaths”.
However, he noted that the pandemic was not over, the US could still face new waves of infections when the virus mutates, creating highly contagious strains.
Still, Fauci and infectious disease experts say the community already has enough immunity from vaccines and natural infections. As a result, subsequent outbreaks will be less severe, with a lower number of hospitalizations and deaths.
His assessment is based on a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The agency points out that about 60% of the US population has contracted Covid, of which 25% contracted the disease during the Omicron outbreak in the winter. The staggering numbers show that the country has a much higher level of herd immunity than before. What is not clear is how long this immunity lasts, to what extent nCoV strains can evade antibodies.
Omicron’s sub-variant, BA.2.12.1, is currently attracting the attention of public health experts. It quickly predominates in 30% of new infections, according to the CDC. CDC Director Rochelle Walensky said this variant is about 25% more infectious than BA.2.
“The situation is not bleak and hopeless, but the central issue is that we don’t yet know if the virus will produce new strains that reduce the effectiveness of vaccines and treatments. In the coming years, we will.” We’ll have a better understanding of that,” said Jeffrey Shaman, an epidemiologist at Columbia University.
Another reason that epidemiologists are cautiously optimistic is that the US is having more Covid treatments. During the initial outbreak, there were very few measures approved or authorized for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration. However, over time, some methods developed and became more popular. Currently Covid patients can be injected with monoclonal antibodies or use pills developed by Pfizer and Merck. These methods have been shown to significantly reduce the risk of hospitalization and death, and prevent the hospital system from being overwhelmed.
Last year, Fauci predicted that the US would reach the “containment” phase of the epidemic in the fall. The Delta variant appeared, soon dashing this expectation. When the Delta wave had not yet subsided, Omicron erupted strongly, causing illness for tens of millions of people in late 2021 and early 2022.
The number of infections dropped sharply after a few months, but increased again in recent weeks due to the appearance of Omicron sub-variants BA.2 and BA.2.12.1.
“The number of cases is low enough now that I believe it’s moving into circulation. We’re not in a full-blown outbreak anymore, but that doesn’t mean the pandemic is over. In the US, the virus is moving. gradually endemic, well controlled,” Fauci said.
In fact, the country’s authorities have removed many restrictions, removing the requirement to wear masks nationwide. However, authorities still warn that Covid-19’s widespread transmission does not mean that every individual has immunity against the virus. Natural infection helps produce antibodies, but vaccines are still the best way to prevent the pathogen long-term.
Diseases such as HIV, Zika, and influenza end with immunity from vaccines, herd immunity or persist in a chronic form with effective treatment.
Two years since the onset of Covid-19, the epidemic situation in countries has improved significantly. Rates of infection, hospitalization and death have fallen in recent weeks, signaling the crisis seems to be coming to an end. But experts ask how and when will the pandemic end?
In fact, Covid-19 is considered in many aspects. According to Professor Erica Charters, University of Oxford, the pandemic will “medically end” when the number of infections and deaths decrease; It is “politically over” when the authorities end the preventive measures, and “socially ends” when people return to the way they used to be.
Scientists study the prospect of Covid-19 ending through past pandemics. Diseases such as Zika, HIV and influenza could provide many lessons in the coming months, Professor Charters said.
Before Covid-19, flu is considered the most deadly agent in history. Historians estimate the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed 50 million people worldwide, including about 675,000 Americans. Another flu epidemic in 1957-1958 killed about 116,000 people in the country.
In 2009, the US welcomed another major epidemic, but not particularly dangerous for the elderly – the group with the highest mortality rate from flu complications. Finally, the country has less than 13,000 deaths.
In August 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that influenza had entered the post-pandemic phase, becoming an endemic disease, with seasonal outbreaks with traditional cycles.
Usually, pandemics develop in this direction. It wanes over time, as the general population builds up immunity through vaccines or natural infection. They become seasonal diseases in later years. Scientists say this kind of pattern is possible with Covid-19.
“Everything will be back to normal. The epidemiological graph is undulating regularly, there are times when the number of infections increases sharply during the year, sometimes they decline. It’s like seasonal flu or the common cold,” Matthew Ferrari, Director of the Penn State Center for Infectious Diseases Dynamics.
In 1981, US officials reported many cases of cancer-like lesions and pneumonia in healthy gay men. More and more similar cases appeared after that. In 1982, scientists called the disease AIDS, immunodeficiency syndrome. They determine HIV – Human immunodeficiency virus is the cause of this condition. They destroy the body’s cells that fight disease and infection. For many years, AIDS was considered a dreaded death sentence. By 1994, it had become the leading cause of death among people aged 25 to 44 in the United States.
But treatments became widespread in the second half of the 1990s, turning the disease into a manageable chronic condition. Patients receive prophylactic treatment with ARV drugs. If they use drugs regularly, they can live with HIV for many years, decades and the disease does not progress to AIDS.
HIV is no longer a medical emergency, but the World Health Organization still considers it a major public health problem. The virus has claimed the lives of 36.3 million people, as of 2021. In Africa and low-income countries, HIV, left unchecked, is still considered an emergency.
Professor Charters said the pandemic would not end equally in every part of the world. “It will become endemic in each locality (region) at different times,” she said.
In 2015, Brazil suffered an outbreak Zika spread by mosquitoes. It causes mild symptoms for adults and children, but has serious consequences for pregnant women, causing birth defects, affecting fetal brain development, causing babies to have abnormal microcephaly. often.
In 2016, WHO declared this a public health emergency. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also reported 224 cases of Zika transmission from mosquitoes and more than 36,000 cases in the US territory, mostly Puerto Rico.
But this number dropped significantly in 2017. Zika almost disappeared after that. Experts believe that the epidemic has receded because most people have immunity. Dr. Denise Jamieson, a former CDC official who led the program against Zika, said the pressure on creating a vaccine has eased.
Zika will be a potential threat for many years. Outbreaks could happen again if the virus mutates or a large number of young, unvaccinated people contract the disease.
For Covid-19, when and how to end the pandemic is still a mystery. Many countries have ended the state of emergency, ready to respond to pathogens such as the common seasonal flu. Sweden declared an exit from the pandemic, the number of infections decreased steadily after two months of almost complete removal. France recently ended the regulation of wearing masks and using vaccine passports. About 65% of Americans have been fully immunized, 29% received a booster dose of vaccine. The number of infections has decreased for nearly two months, the number of people hospitalized in this country has also decreased sharply, by nearly 30%.
But after the “stealth” Omicron variant BA.2 appeared, the epidemic in the UK, New Zealand and Hong Kong escalated. The virus also challenges China’s “No Covid” strategy. In Latin America and the Caribbean, more than 248 million people have not yet received the first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine. Countries with low vaccination rates are likely to see an increase in infections, hospitalizations and deaths in the future.
“We are not yet out of this pandemic, we need to take a cautious approach,” said Ciro Ugarte, emergency medical director for the Pan American Health Organization.
The Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City on February 8 urged people returning from provinces to return and reside after Tet to comply with 5K, self-monitor their health, and notify medical staff if they have symptoms of suspected Covid-19.
The request was made in the context of the complicated development of the Covid-19 epidemic, and the increase in the level of people’s exchanges and travel during the Tet holiday will increase the risk of disease spread, according to the Department of Health. Ho Chi Minh City health department in an urgent document sent to health facilities and district People’s Committees.
Accordingly, people with symptoms of fever, cough, difficulty breathing … should limit contact and travel, contact local health care for instructions, testing for Covid-19 and treatment.
People returning from provinces and cities or living in areas that have not been vaccinated or are not fully vaccinated against Covid-19 will be strengthened by localities to review and make lists to mobilize to medical facilities for vaccination. strains. The city focuses on deploying, inspecting and supervising vaccination activities with the 3rd dose for people aged 18 years and over and the 2nd dose for children from 12 to 17 years old.
The Department of Health of Ho Chi Minh City requires close monitoring, early detection of outbreaks, clusters of cases with unusual developments and characteristics, paying attention to cases of respiratory diseases to promptly control the epidemic. . Strengthen supervision and inspection of the management of quarantined entry. The task force continues to monitor and support the district and provide early warning when detecting risks or warning signs of disease outbreaks in the area to proactively take measures to intervene and control the epidemic immediately.
The health sector recommends that people not be negligent even after having had enough vaccines. Persons with suspected signs of Omicron mutation through RT-PCR test will be sent samples for testing for viral gene sequencing.
Recently, the Ministry of Health also asked localities to continue to raise the highest level of vigilance against the Covid-19 epidemic, not to be subjective and negligent in disease prevention. Deputy Health Minister Nguyen Truong Son said that the epidemic is basically being controlled across the country with the number of severe cases and deaths tending to decrease. However, the number of infections is increasing after Tet, the risk of disease spread in the community when Omicron mutations appear and the opening of social activities, recovery and economic development.
On the occasion of the Lunar New Year, Ho Chi Minh City recorded a sharp decrease in the number of Covid-19 cases, from a few hundred to a few dozen cases per day. However, from the 5th of the Lunar New Year until now, the number of infections has increased slightly again, up to 116 cases on the 8th.
JapanCities are rushing to prepare Covid-19 vaccines for children aged 5 to 11 years in the context of a spike in infections because of the Omicron strain.
The program is scheduled to begin on February 8. Some cities plan mass vaccination at health facilities, besides large hospitals. Officials note clearly distinguishing vaccines for adults and children.
Vaccines for children 5 to 11 years old are used in smaller doses, and the storage and thawing times are also different from those used for people 12 years of age and older. Vaccine vials for children in Japan have an orange cap, which is different from the purple cap for adults.
The city of Fukushima is collaborating with five neighboring localities for mass vaccination at a gymnasium. Officials expect about 19,500 children to participate. Localities initially planned to organize their own vaccination campaign based on the actual situation. But due to lack of resources, they decided to vaccinate mass.
Japan on January 21 approved the Pfizer vaccine for children aged 5 to 11 years old. It is the first vaccine approved for this age group with about 8 million children eligible for the shot.
“We have three vaccines, Pfizer, Moderna for adults and Pfizer vaccine specifically for children, can’t mix them together,” a Fukushima city official said.
Tokyo’s Koto ward had about 30,000 children vaccinated at four locations over the weekend. In addition, children can also be vaccinated at 60 pediatric clinics.
Japan is working to immunize children and adults after the number of infections spiked. The country first recorded more than 100,000 infections on January 5. The Ministry of Health also said that the number of seriously ill patients on January 6 increased to more than 100 people compared to a day earlier.
More and more front-line healthcare workers are contracting the virus or coming into close contact, adding pressure to the hospital system. Some units stopped accepting emergency patients altogether.
The company Stellapharm is licensed by the Drug Patent Organization (MPP) to manufacture the antiviral drug molnupiravir, which can be supplied to 105 low- and middle-income countries.
Stellapharm Joint Venture Company Limited is one of 27 companies in the world licensed by MPP to manufacture and supply molnupiravir. Mr. Charles Gore (MPP CEO), in a statement released on January 20 of this organization, said that licensing businesses in some countries to produce molnupiravir is an important step to ensure the ability to global emergency access to Covid-19 treatments.
Answer VnExpressA representative of Stellapharm said that franchising opens many opportunities, creating conditions for businesses to produce and supply molnupiravir for the domestic market as well as for export, contributing to helping people access key Covid-19 treatment drugs. system at a reasonable price. This is the first time Vietnam has been licensed to produce and supply Covid-19 treatment drugs to the world.
Stellapharm is the only pharmaceutical company in Vietnam licensed by MPP based on technical factors, facilities and product quality, and regulatory compliance. This enterprise has completed the pilot phase of a controlled trial of a drug containing the active ingredient molnupiravir to treat Covid-19 in the community according to a research protocol approved by the Ministry of Health. The drug is waiting for the Ministry of Health to consider granting a conditional sale permit in Vietnam, along with a number of other pharmaceutical enterprises.
“With this franchise signing from MPP, while waiting for the license from the Ministry of Health of Vietnam to distribute to the domestic market, the company can manufacture to supply countries with demand in the group of 105 countries. family”, a representative of Stellapharm shared.
The antiviral drug molnupiravir from MSD Pharmaceutical Corporation was approved for emergency use in the US in December 2021. According to clinical trial results, the drug reduces the risk of hospitalization and death by 30% in high-risk Covid-19 patients. The pharmaceutical company hopes the drug is equally effective when used in patients infected with the Omicron variant.
In November 2021, MSD – the owner of the drug patent for molnupiravir – decided to authorize MPP to represent the application for review and sign contracts with qualified companies to produce molnupiravir to participate in the global supply chain. bridge. On November 25, 2021, the Drug Administration of Vietnam (Ministry of Health) sent an official dispatch to the Vietnam Pharmaceutical Business Association, requesting notice to drug manufacturing establishments wishing to contact MSD or MPP to submit profile to become a voluntary franchisor for the production of molnupiravir.
The MPP is a United Nations-supported public health organization that works to increase access and facilitate the development of life-saving medicines for low- and middle-income countries. 27 companies in 11 countries are licensed by MPP to franchise the antiviral drug molnupiravir, including: India 10 companies, China 5, Korea 3, South Africa and Bangladesh 2, Egypt/Jordan, Kenya, Pakistan, Indonesia and Vietnam each have a business.
The drug molnupiravir in Vietnam is being used in Controlled treatment pilot program for mild cases of Covid-19, distribution area, not sold on the market. To date, the Ministry of Health has allocated a total of more than 400,000 doses of molnupiravir to this program. The program has been implemented in Ho Chi Minh City since mid-August and is currently expanding to 53 epidemic-affected localities.
The results of the molnupiravir trial in Vietnam showed that nearly 100% of patients taking the drug had a low viral load, a very low rate of severe disease, and no deaths. The Advisory Council for the issuance of a drug registration certificate of the Ministry of Health recently recommended that molnupiravir should not be used by pregnant women, under 18 years of age, it will affect the bones and affect sperm in men.
China applies a 21-day quarantine on arrivals stemming from the “Zero Covid-19” policy, fearing risks if it opens in a hurry.
China is one of the countries with the longest Covid-19 quarantine regulations in the world, part of the “zero-tolerance” (Zero Covid) epidemic suppression policy. According to this strategy, community infections and close contacts are quickly placed in isolation. Local authorities will blockade the high-risk area, continuously testing millions of people for F0.
Visitors to China also have to self-isolate for longer than many other countries. The time depends on the city and province, but at least 21 days. For example, a person arriving in Beijing is quarantined for 14 days in a hotel, then for 7 days at home, and finally “under health monitoring” for another 7 days. In Shenzhen, people need to isolate for 14 days, then monitor symptoms for 7 days (maybe at home). Many areas require longer quarantine, like Shenyang for 28 days in a hotel and 28 days at home.
According to scientists, China estimates the quarantine period based on the incubation period of Covid-19. The Wuhan strain of nCoV has an incubation period of about 6 days, while the Alpha variant is about three days.
According to research on the outbreak in Guangdong from May to June, published in the journal EClinicalMedicine, The contagious Delta variant has an average incubation period of 4 days. The Hong Kong Health Authority said that most people with Covid-19 show symptoms within 14 days of contracting the virus, most commonly 5 days.
Epidemiologist Ben Cowling and virologist Jin Dong-Yan of the University of Hong Kong say a 21-day quarantine is too long. According to Cowling, the appropriate time is from 10 days to 14 days. Mr. Jin said that it is possible to shorten the isolation with fully vaccinated people.
“Vaccinations can shorten the time it takes to spread the virus. Vaccinated people have antibodies, they already repel the virus,” he said.
Experts also say that a 21-day quarantine could cause hygiene concerns or increase the risk of nCoV infection at the hotel.
However, some studies have shown that the incubation period is longer than 14 days. In October, a Hong Kong woman tested positive 5 days after the quarantine period.
China’s zero-tolerance strategy is supported by the people. Academician Chung Nam Son, an adviser on Covid-19 said the country would stick to this policy “for a long time”. He said the global Covid-19 death rate is 2%, too high for China to accept even if there is a vaccine. He said the price paid for opening so quickly was not worth it. China will follow other countries’ “Covid-19 coexistence” plans.
According to some experts and medical reporters, China may reopen the country, but is in no hurry to do so. Some middle- and upper-class people may complain about international travel restrictions, but most people are satisfied with the government.
The Xinhua news agency said that nCoV is a pathogen that is different from previous viruses in both transmission and mortality rate. Accordingly, the world has only two options: completely eliminate Covid-19 or let the pathogen spread widely (to achieve herd immunity). According to Xinhua News Agency, when winter comes, the Northern Hemisphere and many countries no longer apply the mask-wearing measure, it is likely that the epidemic will break out again. The World Health Organization has warned that Europe will record an additional 500,000 deaths from Covid-19 in the next three months, after easing epidemic prevention measures. According to Chinese experts, the virus does not go away on its own. The best hope remains to fully immunize most of the population and lead to a highly effective cure.
The Ministry of Health requires localities to review and report the number of vaccines received, injected and the need for use for 2022.
“The results of this report are the basis for the distribution of vaccines in November-December and determine the vaccine demand in 2022,” according to the official dispatch the Ministry of Health has just sent to localities, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of National Defense. From this year’s vaccine demand, the Ministry of Health plans to access the supply to ensure it is fully met.
Reply VnExpressMinister of Health Nguyen Thanh Long said that so far, Vietnam has had agreements, orders and contracts of up to 195 million doses of vaccine. This number of vaccines is enough for Vietnam to achieve the goal of vaccine coverage by the end of 2021 for 70-80% of the population. It is expected that in November-December, a large number of vaccines will arrive, and the Ministry of Health will immediately allocate two doses to vaccinate all people aged 12 and over. “We are accelerating the speed of bringing the vaccine back by the end of the year,” Mr. Long said.
Therefore, localities need to increase vaccination progress, Priority is given to people aged 50 years and over, achieve coverage of 1st dose for 100% of the population 18 years of age and older and dose 2 for those who have had 1st dose for the full time. On November 10, while giving an explanation on epidemic prevention and control, at the second session of the 15th National Assembly, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam also said that he would provide enough vaccines for the provinces in November to complete the pandemic. Two-shot socks for adults.
By the end of 9/11, the country had distributed 81 rounds of vaccines with a total of 112.7 million doses. To date, the country has injected 94 million doses, of which about 63 million doses of the first dose and 31 million doses of the second dose.
The Ministry of Health assessed that localities have accelerated the vaccination schedule to keep up with the schedule of vaccine supply and rapidly increase vaccination coverage. Some provinces and cities with high vaccine coverage have developed plans and started to vaccinate children 12-17 years old.
The Ministry of Health is starting to consider a plan to give the 3rd dose (repeat) for people who have had 2 full doses of the vaccine, in the immediate future, priority will be given to the group on the front lines against the epidemic, the elderly, and people with underlying medical conditions, according to the Minister. Long answered questions at the second session of the XV National Assembly on November 10. However, the Ministry of Health has not yet announced a specific plan for the 3rd injection.
12 provinces and cities that are implementing vaccination for children 12-17 years old are Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, Binh Duong, Kien Giang, Vinh Long, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Da Nang, Quang Ninh, Ninh Binh, Lang Son, and Lao Cai. . In total, more than 1.11 million doses of the vaccine have been given to children.
The 15 provinces that cover at least one dose of vaccine for over 95% of the population 18 years of age or older are: Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Vinh Phuc, Quang Ninh, Da Nang, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, HCMC, Ba Ria – Vung Train, Dong Nai, Long An, Lam Dong, Vinh Long, Binh Duong, Hau Giang.
12 provinces covered at least one dose of vaccine under 70% of the population aged 18 years and over; in which the 5 provinces with the lowest coverage rate are Son La, Thanh Hoa, Nam Dinh, Cao Bang and Nghe An.
The 15 provinces that cover enough 2 doses for over 50% of the population 18 years and older are: Long An, Khanh Hoa, Quang Ninh, Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, Lang Son, Binh Duong, Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Ninh Binh, Ha Nam, Tay Ninh, Dong Thap, Binh Phuoc and Lam Dong.
519,547 children from 12 to under 16 years old and 272,374 children from 16 to under 18 years old in Hanoi are subject to Covid-19 vaccination.
According to the interdisciplinary plan to deploy Covid-19 vaccine for children 12-17 years old, just issued by the Hanoi Department of Health, the target audience is all children 12-17 years old (including children going to school in Hanoi). schools are located in the city and children who do not attend school are living in Hanoi). Age calculation is the child’s full birthday as of the date of injection.
The vaccination campaign is carried out according to the age-reducing route (from 17 years old to 12 years old, equivalent to 12th graders getting vaccinated first, then 11th grade and then 7th grade).
It is expected that Hanoi has a total of 791,921 children under this vaccination period, including 519,547 children from 12 to under 16 years old, 272,374 children from 16 to under 18 years old.
The injection implementation time is expected from the fourth quarter of 2021 to the first quarter of 2022. The city will organize vaccination right after receiving the vaccine and depending on the supply progress of the Ministry of Health. The goal is that over 95% of children 12-17 years old are eligible to receive 2 doses of Covid-19 vaccine.
Hanoi has set up mobile vaccination points at schools (including junior high and high schools, continuing education schools; colleges, vocational secondary schools, social protection centers with foster children. 12-17 years old…), and other mobile sites.
Children can also be vaccinated at the Health Station or vaccination point, for groups that are suspended at school and children who do not attend school.
Organize injections at the hospital for children with congenital diseases, chronic diseases of the heart, lungs, digestive system, urinary tract, blood… abnormal heart and lung auscultation, grade 3 anaphylaxis with any allergens .
The plan to vaccinate children against Covid-19 in Hanoi is part of a nationwide vaccination campaign starting from October 29. The Ministry of Health has approved two vaccines for use in children, including Pfizer’s Comirnaty and Moderna’s Spikevax, and is expected to give at least one vaccine to all children 12-17 years old in the fourth quarter. Ho Chi Minh City, Ninh Binh and Binh Duong are pilot provinces, the first injection from October 26.
Doctor Khong Minh Tuan, deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), said that vaccination campaigns for children will be less favorable than adults because children are often afraid of doctors, have a chain effect, need Family members accompany to take care of, leading to an increase in the number of people coming to the vaccination site… Therefore, in order to vaccinate effectively and safely, the vaccination facility needs to prepare adequate facilities to meet the needs. needs of children and guardians, plans to safely vaccinate children at school… Children need to be psychologically prepared before and during injection. Parents should encourage and reassure children to avoid psychological anxiety.
In addition, children are still young and have not yet been able to self-monitor and promptly notify post-injection reactions. Therefore, the family needs to closely monitor the child’s post-injection reaction for at least the first 7 days. Parents and children should stay at the vaccination site within 30 minutes after vaccination to be closely monitored by medical staff.