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DS, when French luxury cars go green


At the head of DS design, Thierry Métroz, keen on craftsmanship, draws an additional source of creativity from the bucolic atmosphere of the former hunting lodge of the Ferté-Vidame test center.

At least one to two days a month, sometimes more, Thierry Métroz is unreachable. Not that the DS design director does not want to be disturbed but due to a lack of network, because his smartphone does not pick up. On these days, it is usually found in a clearing of Perche on an 800 hectare property. Bordered by a 12-kilometer wall, it is located a stone’s throw from the ruins of the Château de la Ferté-Vidame. The estate, not too far from Paris and the Quai de Javel factory, was acquired by André Citroën between the wars. Died in 1935, the industrialist did not see the double-chevron firm set up its technical and prototype testing center there in November 1938. During the war, an attic of the farm was used as a hideout for prototypes of the 2 CV ( which will not be rediscovered until the end of the 1970s). The tracks of La Ferté were also widely used for the development of the DS and its famous hydropneumatic suspension, at the dawn of the fifties.

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“GRAIN NOURISHED” PROTOTYPES

SDP

At the beginning of the XXIe century, this place extends its field of action, becoming an annex of the new design pole erected by PSA within the DNA (Automotive Design Network) in Vélizy. Determined to dust off the rafters, Jean-Pierre Ploué, the new Citroën design manager, is having a modern building entirely glazed at La Ferté-Vidame. Next to the La Faisanderie hunting lodge, this extension welcomes designers for a new kind of work session. Cradled by the cooing of birds and intoxicated by the scents of the woods, the stylists give birth to a design that Ploué qualifies as “grain fed”. This makes the Franc-Comtois Thierry Métroz smile, his oldest accomplice and fellow student at the Besançon School of Architecture and Olivier de Serres in Paris (ENSAAMA), debauched from Renault to drive the Citroën style then, to from 2012, that of the DS line became the luxury brand of PSA.

SDP

Since then, the latter has become, with his teams, an assiduous user of La Ferté facilities. “Very early in the development process of a new car, we bring in the styling models in foam or clay [argile, NDLR],at scale 1. We roll them by securing them to an electric skateboard, in the middle of the vehicles of the current range and the competition. This allows us to see things that could escape us on a screen or on the DNA terrace. This studio even has technical facilities for modeling new pieces during the day. ” The designer praises these sessions which contribute to the cohesion of the team. “Sometimes the pavilion is used for brainstorming sessions on future projects. Getting oxygenated in the green and finding yourself in another environment feeds our imagination. ”

SDP

Thierry Métroz and DS: a straightforward merger. The two letters symbolize the French art of living and defend the know-how of French luxury through noble materials and craftsmanship and excellence. Universes that speak to this Bisontin, who grew up with a passion for watchmaking and marquetry. “It’s a return to my first love,” he says.

The La Faisanderie hunting lodge in the grounds of the Ferté-Vidame test center. SDP

Through finishes that borrow their name from mythical places in Paris (Bastille, Rivoli, Faubourg and Opéra), the DS creations feature, in particular, the guilloche of certain metal parts, the pearl stitch stitching and the bracelet motif of the upholstery in leather. The emphasis on craftsmanship is combined with the latest technology. “Reconciling craftsmanship and technology, hot and cold is what is most difficult.” To meet this challenge, Thierry Métroz relies on a team of 45 people as passionate as they are talented. With the ambition of becoming “the Vuitton of the automobile”.

The DS Style Team. Laurent Nivalle

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BMW Definition CE04, an electric scooter on the way


NEWS – Close to the series, the CE04 concept announces the future zero emission city scooter from the propeller company.

Enes Kucevic

We have been warned: BMW’s next electric scooter will closely resemble the Definition CE04 concept presented recently at the NEXTGen event. Its sleek and modern style is a continuation of its first C-Evolution electric vehicle, but this new scooter will install the driver lower than before. The originality of the concept lies in the treatment of the rear part. The short saddle stops directly above the rear wheel. The design offices have focused on reducing the size and weight of the components of the electrical technology.

hermann koepf

This is how the flat battery is housed in the floor, which has the effect of lowering the center of gravity, while the electric machine has become more compact. This new arrangement freed up space to provide a new storage space on the side for storing a helmet and accessories.

hermann koepf

If we are to believe the press release from BMW, this new scooter is really cut for urban journeys, less for peri-urban journeys. The engineers started from the premise that urban users do not exceed an average of 12 km per day. This allowed the battery to be sized accordingly. “Comfort over long distances is therefore less important than ergonomics and accessibility”, said BMW.

Bmw

The propeller firm has paid particular attention to connectivity. The CE04 scooter inaugurates the largest screen on the market. With a diagonal of 10.25 inches, it allows you to find the environment of your smartphone. BMW has not set a market date or price, but if we take the example of the C-Evolution, less than two years elapsed between the presentation of the study and the marketing of the production model. Let’s bet in the case of CE 04 for an appearance on the market at the beginning of the year 2022.

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Is the hydrogen car for tomorrow?


SURVEY – This energy would like to compete with electricity on long journeys. The race for a clean car is intensifying.

Hyundai's Nexo, a hydrogen fuel cell SUV already marketed in France.
Hyundai’s Nexo, a hydrogen fuel cell SUV already marketed in France. Hyundai

It makes you dizzy. As part of the recovery plan for the automotive sector and the acceleration of the ecological transition, the government has allocated 7 billion euros to the development of hydrogen. It’s better than nothing, but, by releasing 100 billion, China precipitates our relegation a little more to the second division. Given the sums allocated to it, hydrogen seems well and truly set to become one of the solutions of the future to meet the challenge of zero emissions.

On paper, this energy carrier has it all. Electric motor technology using a hydrogen fuel cell only releases water vapor into the atmosphere. To the absence of greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants, the hydrogen vehicle adds the spectacular efficiency of the electric motor – almost 97%, against only 27% for the combustion engine -, autonomy and duration. refueling near a vehicle with a combustion engine. Hydrogen would represent

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The Retromobile show postponed to June 2021


INFO LE FIGARO – Faced with the uncertainties related to the authorization to welcome a large audience in the context of the health crisis, the show for vintage car enthusiasts is postponed from June 2 to 6.

Retromobile

It’s a first! Instead of opening the season as it has been used to for 45 years, the Rétromobile show will open the summer period. Initially scheduled for February 3 to 7, the 46th edition of the world’s first show dedicated to vintage cars has been postponed by four months. It will take place from June 2 to 6. Still at the Porte de Versailles, in Paris. “We made this decision after a meeting with all the managers of Comexposium”, explains Jean-Sébastien Guichaoua, the director of Rétromobile.

In exceptional circumstances, exceptional decision. “This is the best solution. As the event approached, the lack of visibility as to the evolution of the confinement rules and the restrictions concerning the reception of the public in a closed place posed too great a risk ”, adds the director of the show. This postponement does not call into question the activities initially scheduled for this 46th edition. They will be present as agreed. And the many visitors who flock to Rétromobile each year – they were 122,000 last February – can be reassured. Exhibitors – builders, brand clubs, parts and miniatures dealers, booksellers, artists – will also be at the rendezvous next June. The year 2021 will notably mark the 60 years of the Renault 4L and the Jaguar Type E, but also the 70 years of the Simca Aronde and the first of Juan-Manuel Fangio’s five F1 world championship titles. The event next June, we hope, should allow the Artcurial house to organize an auction.

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At the wheel of the Le Mans hydrogen car


TESTS – A laboratory prototype is multiplying development tests in anticipation of the arrival in 2024 of a new category of vehicles using this clean technology.

Testing of the LMPH2G hydrogen prototype designed by the Green GT company on the Lurcy-Lévis circuit, near Moulins (03).
Testing of the LMPH2G hydrogen prototype designed by the Green GT company on the Lurcy-Lévis circuit, near Moulins (03). Thierry gromik

Code name: Mission H24. On the eve of its centenary, the famous endurance event is reviving its vocation as a test bed for new technologies. With this in mind, the Automobile Club de l’Ouest (ACO) has tasked a working group made up of manufacturers and equipment suppliers to define the technical regulations concerning hydrogen cars. “We hope to have at least three cars at the start in 2024”, says Bernard Niclot, the program manager at ACO. At the same time, a laboratory racing car designed and operated by the Green GT company is multiplying the tests. It can rely on the involvement of several prestigious equipment manufacturers: Michelin for tires; Symbio, a joint venture between Michelin and Faurecia, for the fuel cell; Total for the supply of hydrogen and the development of the world’s first mobile station; Plastic Omnium for tanks.

Weight and autonomy

The LMPH2G fuel cell prototype is a real gas plant. Thierry gromik

Since 2018, Olivier Lombard and Norman Nato, two hopes

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Mercedes GLA 200, feel good about yourself


The GLA is unrecognizable. By changing generation, this model leaves the ambiguity, swapping its silhouette of raised Class A crossover type for the codes of a real SUV. The mutation is successful: the GLA passes for a reducing GLC while retaining its own personality. While it exceeds the model it replaces by 104 mm in height and 30 mm in width, the new GLA renders 14 mm in length without losing roominess thanks to the wheelbase increased by 30 mm. Particularly neat, rear passengers can benefit from the functionality of a minivan with a rear seat that slides 140 mm and adjustable tilt backrests (+ € 450).

tibo

In the normal position, the boot volume gains 14 liters to reach 435 l. This will be life changing: Sitting almost 100mm higher than the old GLA, the driver has better all-round visibility. A guarantee of serenity. While a number of comfort and convenience equipment is optional, the GLA has access to the brand’s latest refinements: digital instrumentation, panoramic and tactile panel, MBUX technology integrating voice control.

Softness and comfort on the front line

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Apart from the AMG and plug-in hybrid versions, the GLA offers two petrol versions and as many diesels. With the 4.33-liter, 163-hp 4-cylinder petrol engine coming from cooperation with Renault and equipped with the deactivation of two cylinders at stabilized speed, there is no question of making sparks. Linear, this engine sometimes struggles to revive due to its low displacement but it meets most expectations perfectly. Its composure is combined with the smoothness of the 7-speed dual-clutch transmission and the comfort of the suspension.

Technical sheet

Engine: 4-cylinder turbo petrol, 1332 cc3, 163 hp, 250 Nm

Transmission: Traction, automatic gearbox. 7-speed DCT

Dimensions: L. 4.41, l. 1.83, h. 1.61 m

Consumption: 6.5 l / 100 km

CO emissions2: 148 g / km

Speed: 210 km / h

Price: 42,300 €

Services: See all the used Mercedes ads on ParuVendu.fr

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A supermalus for the heaviest vehicles


NEWS – The National Assembly has adopted the weight penalty for vehicles over 1.8 tonnes. The measure comes into force in 2022.

Andrey Popov / Andrey Popov – stock.adobe.com

Ideology continues to wreak havoc. Our neighbors laugh about it. Under the pretext of sending a signal by posing as the savior of the planet, unless it is to flatter a vindictive minority, the National Assembly has just voted for the weight penalty for vehicles weighing more than 1,800 kilos. Beyond this barrier, you will have to pay a new tax of 10 euros per excess kilo! This measure will come into effect on January 1, 2022.

The deputies do not come out of this decision which only widens a little more the gap between the legislator and the citizens and endorses the total contempt of the same legislator with regard to an automobile industry already shaken by the health crisis. By dint of controlling the automobile through punitive taxation, the public authorities run the risk of finding themselves managing a failing sector. To die cured: is this the fate hanging over the nose of the automobile? Deciding to tax vehicles based on their weight sounds like double the penalty. This is indeed to hide the fact that the mass is already implicitly taken into account in the protocol for validating consumption (WLTP standard) and CO emissions.2. It is also to hide the fact that the progress made over the last thirty years in terms of road safety and passenger protection has resulted from an increase in the size of vehicles. It is to be blamed on the severity of the crash-test standards desired by the legislator and which required the increase in the rigidity of vehicles and the integration of a battery of active and passive safety systems.

The automotive industry must be happy because, initially, the project planned to tax vehicles from 1,400 kilos. A large part of the market would have been impacted, from the sedan of Mr. Everyone to SUVs and even minivans. By pointing the cursor at 1,800 kg, the deputies aim above all at these famous SUVs, guilty of all evils. It is to make a bad judgment with these leggy vehicles which replaced the minivans in the hearts of motorists. Without understanding very well the meaning given to this measure, electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids escape this penalty.

A photograph shows that the measure will impact 2 to 3% of the market. “It concerns the largest SUVs over 50,000 euros”, said Barbara Pompili, Minister for the Ecological Transition. Not only. The measure also affects station wagons and sedans. This is not a novelty but by taxing possession, France shows a little more its detestation of success. Common sense would dictate taxing use and ordering an impact measure. It is not certain that these vehicles which the government wants to disappear drive many kilometers per year. Eric Woerth, the chairman of the finance committee, is not wrong to denounce a scribble policy. The disappearance of a certain number of these vehicles will result in a deficit in VAT re-entry. A loss that will have to be offset by another tax …

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Mercedes EQV, the V-Class in electric version


In Stuttgart, it was decided to anticipate future traffic restrictions in the heart of cities applicable to combustion vehicles by marketing a 100% electric Class V. Intended for shuttles in major hotels, embassies, certain companies, but also taxis and VTCs, the EQV is identical to the other versions, apart from the charging hatch under the front left headlight and the grille with chrome slats.

Installing the 100 kWh lithium-ion battery (90 kWh useful capacity) under the floor has no effect on the habitability. Delivered as standard in a 6-seater version, this van offers many layout configurations to accommodate up to 8 people on request. The EQV guarantees a loading volume that can range between 1,030 and 1,410 liters.

Almost 400 km in town

Mercedes-Benz AG – Global Communications Mercedes-Benz Cars & Vans / Daimler AG

The water-cooled accumulators power an electric machine delivering 204 hp (150 kW) of power and 362 Nm torque in the best case. Top speed is restricted to 160 km / h. To preserve range and delay switching to a charging station, the driver can adjust the driving modes. The E + program reduces the power to 80 kW (109 hp) and the heating systems but guarantees the maximum range of action: 353 km according to the WLTP cycle, i.e. consumption of 28.3 kWh / 100 km and nearly 400 km in the city.

Daimler AG – Product and Business Communications Mercedes-Benz Vans Daimler AG – Product Communications Mercedes-Benz Vans / Daimler AG

With mode E, the engine is limited to 100 kW (136 hp). By activating modes C or S, the maximum engine resources are then available. These modes are combined with energy recovery operating on five levels and are controlled from the paddles on the steering wheel. In the best case, the deceleration power is such that with a little anticipation you don’t need to apply the brakes. The EQV is configured to recharge both on public 11 kW charging stations and on a network of Ionity type fast charging stations offering up to 110 kW of power. It is then possible to restore 80% of the battery’s energy in 45 minutes. Thanks to an intelligent navigation system, the routes are optimized by giving priority each time to stations equipped with quick terminals. In preparation for a next shutdown, the battery is preconditioned.

Mercedes-Benz AG – Global Communications Mercedes-Benz Cars & Vans / Daimler AG

From next January, this top-of-the-range 5.15 m van (optional 5.34 m version) will be available with air suspension which will increase occupant comfort and allow the ride height to be varied. .

Despite its price of 72,744 euros, the EQV is a rational purchase. The supplement of around 10,000 euros compared to an equivalent thermal version (250d) is fully absorbed upon purchase, since the EQV is exempt from taxes. And, in use, the zero-emission model retains the advantage, since maintenance costs are covered for four years (maintenance pack), and electricity is cheaper than gasoline.

Based on the Avantgarde finish, the EQV has, in addition to the heated front seats, the large 10.25-inch screen, sign reading and emergency braking.

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Ferrari SF90 Spider, silence hair in the wind


NEW – Maranello’s first plug-in hybrid berlinetta takes off the top. 1000 horses in the open air: thrills guaranteed!

Ferrari

Ferrari obviously knows how to go about sustaining the dream. While the first deliveries of the SF90 Stradale berlinetta recently began, the manufacturer of Maranello is already announcing a spider version. This supercar, let us remember, opened a new era. It is the Italian brand’s first plug-in hybrid sports car and the most powerful production car in the history of the prancing horse. Like berlinetta, the spider delivers the phenomenal power of 1,000 horsepower thanks to the combination of the 780 hp of the largely revamped Tributo twin-turbo V8 and the 220 hp of the three electric motors – two at the front and one at the rear. near the new 8-speed dual-clutch transmission.

Ferrari

While affirming its affiliation with the Stradale, the SF90 Spider is distinguished by a cockpit slightly moved forward, a roof 20 mm lower, thinner A pillars and a more inclined windshield.

The SF90 Spider promises new driving sensations with its 7.9 kWh battery which can travel up to 25 km and push peaks up to 135 km / h in the silence of its electric propulsion. Sitting low to the ground, hair blowing in the wind, crossing a residential area or the center of a seaside resort is a new experience. Battery empty, the V8 wakes up, the beginnings of other sensations. The performance is almost identical to that of the Stradale. 100 km / h is still reached in 2.5 seconds while the top speed is 340 km / h. It is really only during the particular exercise of the circuit that seasoned pilots will distinguish the differences in performance between the two bodies. The spider, it is true, drags 100 kilos overweight compared to the Stradale. Overweight attributable to structural reinforcements and the retractable hardtop. Thanks to its aluminum construction, it is however 40 kilos lighter than a retractable steel roof.

Ferrari

The compactness of this two-seater and the limited space available led Ferrari to choose the technical solution of the retractable roof which only takes up 100 liters of space, instead of 150 to 200 liters for a conventional system. The SF90 Spider also claims 30% more rigidity compared to previous models. Particular care has been taken in managing the air flow both to maintain the high-speed performance of the SF90 Stadale and to minimize aerodynamic turbulence in the passenger compartment with the roof open.

As for the interior, it inherits the latest innovations introduced by the Stradale, namely a digital instrument cluster, a head-up display and a new steering wheel.

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BMW iX, a breakthrough SUV


At BMW, concepts always end up in the streets. This is the case for the Vision i-NEXT concept presented in September 2018. This study has just given birth to an electric SUV that the Munich manufacturer will market at the end of 2021 under the name iX. Camped on X7 wheels, as long and wide as an X5 and lower than an X6, the iX revolutionizes the guns of the Munich manufacturer. While the large vertical grille that appeared on the X7 and the 4 Series Coupe, and which is closed, is now the BMW signature, the work on the sides and curves is completely new. The lines are devoid of frills and the silhouette gains in fluidity and purity. This new stylistic language, also marked by flush door handles, is rewarded with a record aerodynamic Cx of 0.25. The treatment of the roof drop gives the impression of having a floating roof. Already tested on the i8, the fine headlamps also represent a breakthrough at BMW when it comes to family vehicles. BMW’s favorite, weight control has been the subject of particular care. Thanks to an aluminum frame and the use of carbon for the hull, the manufacturer claims a good performance in terms of mass. Among the original features, the filler neck for the windshield washer fluid concealed under the BMW logo located at the end of the hood and the reversing camera integrated in the BMW logo on the tailgate.

Bmw

Launched at the end of 2021, the iX will be BMW’s third family electric vehicle. Next year, the propeller firm will launch three 100% electric models: the iX3 in the spring, the i4 sedan and finally the iX. The latter was developed around the modular GEN 5 platform intended for electrified vehicles and integrating components from the latest evolution of the BMW eDrive electric powertrain.

Bmw

In the case of the iX, it relies on two electric motors, one per axle, delivering a total power of around 500 horsepower. This would allow this large SUV to reach 100 km / h in less than 5 seconds. The nerve of the war, autonomy should be one of the best on the market with more than 600 km. The battery capacity has not been specified but it should be around 80 kWh. With a charging power of 200 kW, BMW claims to be able to restore 80% of the battery’s energy in less than 40 minutes. On a fast terminal, we should be able to recover 120 kilometers per 10 minutes.

Bmw

In addition to the breakthrough design, there is a completely redesigned interior, taking up the stylistic theme tested on the Vision i-NEXT concept. The iX takes another step towards minimalism. The dashboard is now free of buttons and as on the 2018 concept, a large digital panel placed on feet replaces the classic instrument cluster and the central touch screen. Movement through the system menus is controlled by a dial located in the extension of the central armrest. In its desire to reduce its carbon footprint, BMW makes extensive use of recycled materials for the manufacture of upholstery and various interior elements.

Bmw

With this SUV, BMW is taking us into the world of tomorrow, more automated and connected than ever. Barded with sensors and cameras in particular in the grille, the iX should allow level 3 autonomous driving. The computing power of its on-board systems will make it possible to process a volume of data 20 times greater than that of the previous models. This is how the iX is compatible with the 5G technology essential for autonomous driving.

Bmw

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