He was for his family “the most prolific winner in American sports history” and for former President Barack Obama ” a giant “ : Bill Russell, crowned eleven-time NBA champion with the Celtics and civil rights defender, died on Sunday July 31.
“Bill Russell, the most prolific winner in American sports history, died peacefully today at the age of 88, with his wife Jeannine at his bedside”announced his family on the Twitter account of the former player.
Upon the announcement of his death, the NBA paid tribute to the “greatest champion of all team sports”. His record is impressive and will probably never be equaled: in thirteen seasons in the NBA, all under the green jersey of the Boston Celtics, Russell won eleven league titles, a record that still stands, including eight in a row from 1959 to 1966.
Figure of American society
Although he ended his career with a very respectable average of 15.1 points per game, Russell made a name for himself thanks to his defense: from the height of his 2.08 m, he was intractable and sickened his opponents with their counters. He was also the first black American appointed to head a professional sports franchise across the Atlantic and the first to be crowned, in his second year (1967), at the head of ” his “ Celtics.
It is also outside the basketball courts that Russell has become a figure in American society, which earned him in 2011 from the hands of Barack Obama the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest American civilian honor.
“Today we lost a giant”reacted to the announcement of his death the former American president. “On the court, he was the greatest champion in basketball history. Off the pitch, he was a civil rights pioneer, marching with Doctor (Martin Luther) King and standing alongside Muhammad Ali. »
Advance the cause of civil rights
Born in 1934 in Louisiana, in a Deep South still living under a regime of racial discrimination, before moving with his family to California in the 1940s, Russell used his notoriety to advance the cause of civil rights. In 1963, he participated in Martin Luther King’s March on Washington.
“Bill stood for something much bigger than sport: the values of equality, respect and inclusion that he inscribed in our league’s DNA”NBA boss Adam Silver said in a statement.
While the date of his funeral has not yet been set, his family hoped that “Each of us finds ways to speak and act Bill’s way, without compromise, with dignity and an always constructive approach.”
Her name is Simone too. Not Simone Biles, Simone Manuel. For the moment, she does not make the Olympic column like her compatriot gymnast, apparatus superstar who promised a new raid in Tokyo, but suddenly forfeit on the eve of the all-around. Exit Simone Biles, mental at half mast.
→ THE FACTS. Tokyo Olympics: gymnast Simone Biles forfeits all-around competition
Simone Manuel, she is there, to gold her reputation from this Friday July 30 in the 50m freestyle. The torments of her colleague, the swimmer knows. She has just experienced them. During the American qualifiers for the Games, last June.
Simone Manuel had to confirm once again her status as sprint queen. A formality for the champion revealed in Rio in 2016, imperial in the 100 m freestyle, the first black swimmer to offer herself Olympic gold in individual. At barely 20 years old, the promise of the future. And the future indeed smiles on her, the champion outrageously dominating the 2017 Worlds as well as those of 2019: 13 medals in total, including 9 of the most precious metal.
For Tokyo, everyone necessarily expects it at the highest. Except that his qualification on the 100m turns into a nightmare. She is only 9e. Blast. So she explains herself. “I want to share my story. ” And she tells. An overtraining syndrome, diagnosed three months earlier, and its consequences: anxiety attack, insomnia, depression. She is no longer Simone the Conqueror.
The reductive image of the “black swimmer”
“Adding a fifth year to focus on an Olympic deadline, it’s grueling, she emphasizes. Just like being a black person in the United States. We had a brutal year, which can also be mentally exhausting. “ She has been repeating it for a long time now: she no longer wants to be reduced to this image revealed in 2016: the “black swimmer”, the one that we constantly question on this identity theme. “I am not the voice of black America”, she has to repeat.
→ REPORT. Heat, humidity, storm: at the Tokyo Olympics, athletes face the elements
The load is heavy. It relieves a little of it by missing its qualification. And three days later, she still manages to validate her ticket for the 50m freestyle. In Tokyo, she claims to get better. As proof: integrated at the last moment in the American 4 x 100 m relay, she ensured the bronze to her team. “I just need to have confidence in myself”, she swears. She rises to the surface. Message to the other Simone: it’s possible.
American climber Sepp Kuss won the 15e stage of the Tour de France which arrived in Andorra la Vella, for the only foray of the event abroad. The rider of the Dutch team Jumbo, was 23 seconds ahead of the Spanish veteran Alejandro Valverde, 41 years old and second on the stage. Dutchman Wout Poels took third place, 1 minute 15 seconds behind a small group.
→ THE ROUTE. Find the map of the 2021 Tour de France stages
Sepp Kuss (26), who lives in Andorra, won the Tour de France for the first time, for his second participation. Last year, while serving Slovenian Primoz Roglic, he finished 4the at the Loze pass,
→ REPORT. Tour de France 2021: the caravan is still passing
In this sunny 191.3-kilometer stage, a breakaway river of 32 riders developed in the first hour of the race. Tadej Pogacar and his UAE teammates let the gap widen to ten minutes.
Highlight of this 2021 Tour
This group long led by Bruno Armirail, who worked for David Gaudu (7e of the stage), saw its advantage diminish as it approached the Franco-Andorran border, before the last 50 kilometers, where the Movistar teams and especially Ineos accelerated.
Up front, Colombian Nairo Quintana swung into the lead at the windswept summit of Envalira, the highest point of this edition (2,408m). He attacked again in the leading group reduced to 18 riders from the foot of the last ascent, Beixalis (6.4 km at 8.5%). But Sepp Kuss was the strongest in this climb before maintaining his advantage in the descent over Alejandro Valverde.
Sepp Kuss, originally from Colorado, is the first American to win the Tour since 2011 (Tyler Farrar).
→ FIND the complete classification of the 15e stage of the Tour de France 2021
→ AND ALSO: The general classification of the Tour de France 2021
AmericaEvery evening, Melissa Anderson and her mother walk in front of the house. The journey through the walnut groves was the same every day, but the conversations deepened.
The pandemic has pushed millions of young Americans to live with their parents as universities close, businesses reduce hours and social isolation decimates the mental health of many. According to Pew Research Center statistics as of July 2020, 52% of Americans between the ages of 18 and 29 live with their parents. This is the most common way of life for people in this age group and the highest in at least a century.
The experience has not always been easy, as families are forced together to grapple with financial struggles and the threat of contracting a disease that has killed nearly 600,000 Americans. But for some families, this time together is like a gift to bond with parents and siblings.
Anderson’s family considers this unexpected luck. Melissa, 29, is the third child in a family of four sisters. She didn’t spend much time with her parents until she “escaped” Los Angeles last summer and went to live with her parents in Gridley (California). Within a few months, she and her parents formed a relationship like peers.
Melissa spoke up if she was bothered – something she hadn’t always dared to before. Mary and her husband David know that they don’t need to take care of Melissa like they did when they were young, and they don’t feel responsible for their children. During a stressful year on the outside, their family is calm on the inside, taking care of each other.
“We were all scared, not knowing what was going to happen and that helped us understand each other better,” Melissa said. She believes her parents now understand her better than any other child.
She also became so comfortable with her parents that a few months before her friends were vaccinated and returned to Los Angeles, she said her parents were going for the summer, in case they were afraid she wouldn’t. “One evening Melisa told us about it. We had to pretend how happy we would be if she moved back,” said Mary.
In fact, the story of children moving back to live with their parents over the past year has been both stressful and joyful. Many Americans trade their independent lifestyle for movie nights and get-togethers. Many people have tried a few generations of cohabitation for the first time and really like it.
For decades, the percentage of young adults in the United States living with their parents has been steadily increasing, after hitting a low point in the 1960s. This practice became especially common during the Great Depression and continues to rise. up even after the economy recovers. Psychology professor Jeffrey Arnett (Clark University), who studies young people, said this change is due to young people delaying marriage, going to school longer. The financial and social situation is increasingly shaky for those in their 20s and has made living at home all the more appealing.
“The pandemic is tough for all of us as parents, and it’s harder for our kids. They’re the group most likely to have their work, education, life disrupted,” Arnett said.
Derek Daniels’ three-week trip to his parents’ house last summer turned into a 10-month vacation. Not only is his childhood home in Burlingame warmer than his empty Los Angeles apartment, but he also enjoys more time with his sister. “When can you go back to being 24 and live with the whole family for almost a year? When the outside world is falling apart, it’s nice to be together,” Daniels said.
However, not everyone likes to return home. Josephine Cheng, 24, doesn’t want to leave San Francisco for Chino Hills, her hometown. But because of financial problems, she was forced to agree to share a bathroom with her teenage sister. “I kept telling my mom, ‘I can’t wait to move out. I fantasize about apartments and now a year later she’s asking me, ‘Did you hear when the office will reopen? ?”, Cheng said.
For Melissa Anderson, Gridley’s hometown was never where she wanted to be. But last summer, when the lease on her one-bedroom apartment in Pico-Robertson was coming to an end, she faced the prospect of living a year alone. So, for the first time since high school, she moved home. Her mother’s hugs made her heart ache because it had been too long since she had touched anyone. Sometimes she felt like she was back in her childhood.
To live together, she and her parents set boundaries. She and her father, a high school teacher, figured out how to both work remotely in the same house. “When they’re young, you’re more of a parent. Now, less of a parenting role, become friends. She’s a very good housemate,” said David.
And Melissa and her mother have a daily ritual of walking down the street at sunset. This time allows mother and child to understand each other in a new way. Mary used to think Melissa was a reserved person and lacked the necessary equipment for life, but now that they understand each other, the wall separating them has fallen.
The mother and daughter talked about a variety of topics about dating, religion, money, family relationships, and life goals. Thereby Mary realizes that Melissa can be happy to be married or not, and whether she becomes a confident woman or not will not depend on other people’s opinions. “I didn’t trust her before. Now I want to be her friend,” Mary said.
Psychologist Arnett says parents are now looking for different relationships with their children, from power to equality. Over the past year, Arnett’s college daughter has lived with the couple and created many opportunities for her and her parents to get to know each other.
Adriana Barba, 29, started paying a lot of bills for the family when her mother lost her job due to the pandemic. As the virus spread, she advised her family not to wear shoes indoors. And when her mother was infected with nCoV in July, Barba planned to prevent the rest of the family from infecting, by wearing a mask and isolating in separate rooms. In the end, no one tested positive.
“I honestly feel like I’m the mother,” Barba said. She said she wants to live alone, but because of her family, now “my plan is to move somewhere nearby so I can continue to take care of my family”.
Melissa, after vowing to leave Gridley for the summer, put down a deposit on a new apartment in LA in May. She and her parents agreed that it was necessary to move on with their own lives, even if they were afraid to say goodbye. However, she decided that if she had children one day, she would move closer to her parents, something she never thought of. Now, her apartment in LA will feature more family photos than before.
“I would never say the pandemic was a blessing. In fact, it was horrible, it caused a lot of pain and hurt. But it put everything in place and taught me the kind of life I want to live after.” girl confided.
On a recent weekend, Mary and David helped their daughter move. David also completed the built table for his son. Before sunrise, the three pulled each other off the usual walking path. This time, Mary left and did not return as she did with her mother a year ago.