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How do the Greeks experience this contemporary era, those who have already experienced serious economic crises?



Georgia Kouvela, is a Greek lawyer at the Paris Bar and the Athens Bar, but also President of the Hellenic Institute of Cultural Diplomacy France, which aims to promote Greek culture in France and French culture in Greece.

franceinfo: How did the Greeks experience this period of war in Europe?

Georgia Kouvela : The Greeks don’t like war, don’t like conflicts and that can already be seen in Greek foreign policy. At the level of Turkey, we always try to keep a certain distance, even if the past with the Turks was always painful, and still is, in the minds of the Greeks.

Regarding the upcoming energy crisis, they are experiencing it very, very badly. Especially since we are currently having the effects with the exorbitant rise in electricity prices. We have people who receive between 500 and 600 euros per month in retirement and who have to pay bills of 1000, 1500 euros. It’s amazing, it’s unheard of, unprecedented.

In what political state is Greece today with its leaders?

There is a recovery which translates into a growth which has been put in place gradually and surely, and transparency in the administration, in the justice system, despite a certain increase in unemployment.

What makes the Greeks so strong? They love their country, what is the Greek who does not know the ancient history, they give the impression that they face all the conflicts because they are first Greek…

The Greeks have a sense of belonging, like all countries for that matter. What defines the nation is this feeling of belonging, to the same History, in the same experience, in the same pain. The Greek pains are still recent. We talk about 1821, the independence of Greece, 1922, the destruction of Smyrna, events that are still recent, and what makes our habits and customs, our culture, always maintain us in a force of unity.

In Greece at primary school, we don’t talk about history, we talk about “knowledge of the homeland”. This is the name of the course given to children between four, five and 12 years old. It is the recognition of the fatherland without nationalist, xenophobic connotations. It is the knowledge of the fatherland, in the sense that this knowledge of our fatherland, it is also to promote it and to accept to be enriched by others. The great strength of the Greeks is to adapt to external elements.

The Greeks love their flag very much, the Greeks, for them it is a great symbol?

Yes, of course, but it’s a flag that was made by blood, by sweat, by work, by a lot of pain. And we have won freedom there. My history teacher told me that if we know the past well, we can live the present and prepare for the future.

It is a people who have a proverb, which perhaps explains what it means to be Greek: “The slower we go, the more we turn sourness into honey”

Yes, the Greek often forgets, but actually keeps the bad times. Not for protest or revenge. It’s to remember, to learn from past mistakes, and to move on, and maybe become better again afterwards. The Greek is not perfect, but his priorities are to improve this past, for the future…



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New government, diplomats’ strike and war in Ukraine … Nathalie Loiseau’s “8:30 franceinfo”



Renaissance MEP and former Minister for European Affairs was the guest of “8:30 franceinfo” on Saturday May 21. She answered questions from Ersin Leibowitch and Myriam Encaoua.

New government: “A mix of continuity and openness”

The government of Elisabeth Borne, announced on Friday May 20, is “a mix continuity and openness to very different profiles“, greets Nathalie Loiseau. While Emmanuel Macron had announced a change in policy, the opposition criticizes the retention in government of 15 ministers from the previous team. “There are, at the same time,he pillars remain, in a time when things are not easy, and then also new faces“, defended Nathalie Loiseau.

“I understand the concern” of diplomats

Nathalie Loiseau has indicated that she is not not sure to understand“the reform of the senior civil service desired by Emmanuel Macron. Opposed to this reform which provides for the disappearance of the diplomatic corps in 2023, unions are calling for a strike on June 2 at the Quai d’Orsay. “I understand the concern“says Nathalie Loiseau, herself from the diplomatic corps.

These are trades that can be learned, we are not interchangeable“, emphasizes the MEP. “A diplomat wouldn’t make a good deputy director at the Ministry of Agriculture, that’s not true“, she says. “Not anyone can be consul in Kurdistan today“, she adds, by way of example.

War in Ukraine: an embargo on Russian oil is “indispensable”

Nathalie Loiseau estimated ‘”essential“that the European Union put in place an embargo on Russian oil.”Every day, we Europeans finance Vladimir Putin’s war to the tune of 800 million euros, it has to stop“, wishes the former minister in charge of European affairs who traveled to Boutcha, Ukraine, to observe the atrocities committed by Russian troops.

Find the entire “8:30 am franceinfo” of Saturday May 21, 2022:



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Student accused of sexual violence in Tours: an inspection mission points to failures on the part of the university



The General Inspectorate of Higher Education believes that the University of Tours should have initiated disciplinary proceedings against a former student of the Faculty of Medicine, reports France Bleu Touraine on Friday May 20. This is the subject of five complaints. He is accused of rape and four sexual assaults.

>> FRANCEINFO SURVEY. Did the University of Tours “protect” a medical student accused of sexual violence?

During the three weeks of investigation, 17 members of the University of Tours were questioned. The report was submitted Thursday to the Ministry of Higher Education. He points to a lack of knowledge of the legal tools, a misunderstanding between the university and the public prosecutor of Tours and concludes that there was no desire to cover up the affair.

“The University of Tours did not know how to act well in the face of this type of situation, which leads to nonsense”

Patrick Attal

in the report of the General Inspectorate of Higher Education

Patrick Allal, rapporteur for the general inspection of higher education regrets “a lack of legal culture in France“. France Bleu Touraine specifies that it refers to Patrice Diot, the dean of the college. On September 14, 2020, the latter summoned the student in question, his parents and the accusers. The dean then forbade the student to come back to university and go to an internship.

However, this decision was taken outside of any official framework and no written record was left. “He had no jurisdiction to initiate disciplinary proceedings, it was up to the president of the university to do so.“, retorts Me Delphine Meillet, lawyer for Patrice Diot. She also recalls that the dean of the college was “the only” Act. For his part, Patrick Allal believes that “the dean thought he was doing the right thing but that’s not how it happens“.

According to him, the absence of disciplinary proceedings can also be explained by a misunderstanding between the public prosecutor of Tours and the university. In the fall of 2020, “the prosecutor tells the university not to carry out any internal hearing outside of any administrative framework, in other words to do things by the rules“. Remarks “obviously misunderstood“, continues the rapporteur of the general inspection of higher education. “The university believed that he did not want there to be a disciplinary procedure so as not to interfere with the criminal investigation.“But the two are complementary.

Patrick Attal says that everything “went very quickly then, because two weeks later, the student was placed in pre-trial detention, everyone at the university considered that the question was settled“. This is why the student – left free after his indictment – was able to continue his studies in Limoges and do an internship in gynecology. Disciplinary sanctions could have been taken against him, which could go as far as lifelong exclusion from any institution of higher education.

The report of the general inspection of higher education concludes that the university did not seek to stifle this affair. To avoid repeating the same mistakes, he recommends legal training for university staff, including management.

Contacted by France Bleu Touraine, the University of Tours indicates that it will not comment until it has the report in its possession. Another general inspection, this time commissioned by the Ministry of Health, is still in progress.



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New government: who is Pap Ndiaye, the Minister of National Education breaking with the line of Jean-Michel Blanquer?


“Mr. Pap Ndiaye is appointed Minister of National Education and Youth.” This is the big surprise of the government of Elisabeth Borne, unveiled, Friday, May 20, by Alexis Kohler, the secretary general of the Elysée, on the steps of the presidential palace.

Born to a Senegalese father and a French mother, Pap Ndiaye was until then at the head of the Palais de la Porte Dorée, which houses the National Museum of the History of Immigration, in Paris. A position he had held since the spring of 2021, after being appointed by Emmanuel Macron. Professor at Sciences Po Paris, this 56-year-old researcher is an academic respected by his peers and is considered a “shoe size” in France and abroad on minority issues.

For his first speech as minister, the newcomer defined himself as “a pure product of republican meritocracy of which the school is the pillar (…), perhaps a symbol, that of meritocracy, but perhaps also that of diversity”. He then claimed “apprehend this task with humility, with modesty, but also with all the energy and all the intelligent goodwill that is [sienne]“. The consolidation of fundamental knowledge, equal opportunities, the necessary adaptation of schools to upheavals in economies and societies are all “challenges” which he intends to raise.

In a portrait dedicated to him The world in 2021, the daily says that the Head of State had chosen him for “appease the spirits”in the face of the identity tensions feared by the government in the country, in particular after the death of George Floyd in the United States, in May 2020. Pap Ndiaye saw his appointment as a symbol for young people “non-whites”even if this appointment was “first due to his long academic career (…). I assume myself as is with my skin color”he added to AFP.

Pap Ndiaye, who does not hesitate to talk about “structural racism in France, whereby institutions such as the police can engage in racist practices”, not’has not at all the same vision as its predecessor of the rue de Grenelle. Jean-Michel Blanquer had indeed devoted part of his five years spent at the ministry to fighting “woke ideology”. “On everything relating to minorities, he embodies orientations which are certainly not those that Jean-Michel Blanquer has implemented”confirms the sociologist Michel Wieviorka, still in The world. “If he has the means to have the politics he can embody, as an intellectual personality, I think we will go in a new direction”, he abounds.

On “Islamo-leftism” in the university environment, denounced by Jean-Michel Blanquer or even by the former Minister of Higher Education, Frédérique Vidal, Pap Ndiaye had struck on France Inter: This term does not designate any reality at the university. What strikes me above all is the degree of ignorance of the political world of the research that is carried out at the university in the social sciences and the humanities.

As of Friday, the arrival at the National Education of the brother of the Prix Goncourt 2019, Marie Ndiaye, who had signed in 2012 a platform calling for a vote for François Hollande, did not fail to make the political class react.

On the far right, this appointment is castigated. This is particularly the case of the spokesperson for the National Rally, Julien Odoul, who denounces on Twitter “an immigrationist activist to re-educate our children to ‘living together’ with migrants and deconstruct the History of France. This appointment goes beyond the bounds of provocation.”

On the side of La France insoumise (LFI), we welcome this appointment, even if we see it as a political maneuver. “I am amazed by this news. For me, Pap Ndiaye was not at all in there. What is certain is that it was necessary to ‘unblock’ National Education”, reacted to AFP, the deputy LFI Alexis Corbière. But “this media stunt, the only one from this dull government, will not defuse the deep anger in the National Education“, says the parliamentarian.

For Snes-FSU, the main secondary school teachers’ union, “the appointment of Pap Ndiaye is a break with Jean-Michel Blanquer in more ways than one”. But “National Education is not governed solely by symbols”he warned in a press release. “The emergencies are real, rapid responses are expected, particularly in terms of wages.” For the new Minister of National Education, the task promises to be immense.



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SpaceX has paid $250,000 to end a sexual assault complaint against Elon Musk, according to US media The Insider


The richest man in the world is accused of exposing himself in front of a flight attendant during a private flight in 2016. He denies outright and denounces “political” attacks.

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The takeover of Twitter is not the only file that occupies Elon Musk. The multi-billionaire and entrepreneur is accused of sexually assaulting a flight attendant in 2016, reports an article (link in English) from the American online media The Insider published Thursday, May 19. The man denied in block and evoked a conspiracy “Politics”.

The facts described by the article would have taken place during a private flight of the company SpaceX, founded by Elon Musk: the 50-year-old businessman is accused of having shown his erect penis to a flight attendant. the look that was giving her a massage, as well as touching her leg without her consent and asking her for a sexual act. The woman sued for inappropriate behavior, but the company ended the case in 2018 with a $250,000 court settlement, according to the article, which cites testimony from a friend of the complainant.

These charges are “totally false”retorted the boss of Tesla on Twitter. “The attacks on me have to be viewed through a political prism – it’s their (despicable) usual way of doing things”, he added on the social networkwithout specifying who he was aiming for.

“I challenge this liar who says her friend saw me ‘discovered’: name me one thing, anything (scars, tattoos…) that is not publicly known, did he declare. She can’t do it, because it never happened.” The businessman, who recently got closer to the Republicans, had tweeted Wednesday that “political attacks” against him went “increase dramatically in the coming months”.



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Request to block nine porn sites dismissed on appeal


The court criticizes the applicant associations e-Enfance and La Voix de l’enfant for having “not acted, nor attempted to act” against the nine sites targeted.

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The Paris Court of Appeal confirmed, Thursday, May 19, the rejection of the request sent by two child protection associations to French telecom operators to block access to several pornographic sites, accused of not prevent exposure of minors to their content.

The Penal Code prohibits exposing minors to pornographic photos and videos, but the court criticizes the requesting associations e-Enfance and La Voix de l’enfant, whose requests had already been dismissed in October, for not having “did not act or attempt to act” against the nine targeted sites, while their owners or publishing companies are identifiable and communicate an address located in the European Union, she explained.

However, blocking by internet service providers (ISPs) can only occur as a last resort, after the applicants have demonstrated “the impossibility of acting effectively and quickly against the host, against the publisher or against the author of the disputed content”.

Several of the sites concerned are video hosting platforms which appear among the 50 most popular sites in France, according to a ranking established by the analysis company Similarweb. Seven of them are in a parallel procedure, summoned by Arcom (ex-CSA) to lock their access for minors.



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A magistrate indicted for complicity in influence peddling


He is suspected of having used his influence to obtain on behalf of a contractual employee, at the time a bailiff’s clerk, a faster appointment with his consulate.

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A magistrate practicing at the court of Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine) at the time of the facts was indicted, Wednesday, May 18, in particular for “complicity in influence peddling”, announced the parquet floor of Versailles, confirming information from the log Point.

He is suspected of having used his influence to obtain on behalf of a contract worker, at the time a bailiff’s clerk, a faster appointment with his consulate, according to the weekly. The facts would have taken place in 2020. He is also indicted for “misappropriation of personal data”, specified the prosecutor’s office of Versailles.

Customers turned down in exchange for financial commissions

This decision of the examining magistrate intervenes in a broader procedure in which the contractual is indicted for “passive corruption”, “violation of professional secrecy” and “fraud”. She is suspected of having turned clients over to lawyers in exchange for financial commissions, a case revealed by the daily The Parisian in February 2021. Three lawyers from the bars of Nanterre and Paris are also indicted for “corruption” in this case, the Versailles prosecutor’s office confirmed on Thursday.

Contacted, the magistrate’s lawyer Marie-Alix Canu-Bernard did not wish “at this stage, make any comments other than the fact” that she was going “file a request for nullity of the indictment in the coming days”.



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TRUE OR FAKE: what is the volume of nuclear waste?


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How much is nuclear waste? If the buried fuel constitutes only a tiny part of the waste, others are produced in the long term.

The pro-nuclears ensure that radioactive waste takes up little space. But what place do they really take? In Normandy, the Orano company deals with the uranium that comes from nuclear reactors. There, the fuel is placed in pools to cool. The radioactivity is very high, but it is contained thanks to the water. Only the most hazardous part of the fuel is considered waste by society, which represents 4% of the waste volume. The remaining 96% can be reused.

The ultimate waste is then packaged in glass before being stored in a hangar filled with wells, which represent only a small volume of waste. In addition to the fuel, the waste from the metal structure is buried in France. These also require storage in containers. Finally, there is the technological waste of machines, which is greater.


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Five years of reforms and a few hiccups… The results of Jean-Michel Blanquer at the Ministry of National Education



It is a kind of paradox: Jean-Michel Blanquer broke the record for longevity in the post of Minister of National Education, while alienating a good part of the teachers, at a level rarely equaled by his predecessors. The school environment will remember his passage and his many reforms. Too many moreover, even, regret the unions.

One of the priorities of this ministry has been primary school, with, in particular, the duplication of CP and CE1 classes, in priority education, launched in 2017, then large sections of kindergarten from 2019. For the latter level, it should be completed at the earliest at the start of the 2023 school year, says the ministry. But the results are mixed, according to a report from the Senate published in February 2022: this sharp reduction in the number of students did not allow a frank reversal of the academic difficulties encountered by these students.

>> Jean-Michel Blanquer, the darling of macronie who has become a dunce cap of the government

The first primary union also points to the lack of staff needed to carry out this sharp reduction in the number of students per class. If 3,800 positions have been created in the first degree, it is not enough, regrets the SNUipp: the positions which are useful for duplication are taken elsewhere, he denounces, with the famous phenomenon of “rob Peter to pay Paul“. Jean-Michel Blanquer has also set up national evaluations in CP, CE1, sixth and second, fought by the unions. The status of the school principal has finally been reinforced, giving him more authority, which does not Didn’t please some of the teachers, attached to strict equality between teachers.

We also remember the transformation of the general high school, with the disappearance of the S, ES and L sectors, in favor of the specialties, which each student must choose (three in first, two in final), at the risk of seeing the timetables turn to the headache, say some principals. A reform that will already be… reformed since Emmanuel Macron has undertaken to add mathematics to the common core from the start of the 2022 school year, in first class. The discipline has not been part of it since 2019 and the number of hours of this material has melted, by 18%. Four out of ten final year students do not do any more at all, according to figures from the statistical services of the Ministry of Education.

The bac, too, has evolved a lot: with fewer final tests to pass, more continuous assessment, which now accounts for 40% of the final grade. Finally, the vocational route has been reformed. Thus, second year students do not immediately specialize in a trade, but in a family of trades. The “masterpiece”, a multidisciplinary achievement, has also been set up.

What Jean-Michel Blanquer failed to change was the resentment of some of the teachers. They regret that their profession and the school in general are regularly singled out. According to a survey carried out by SNUipp in March 2022 among 25,000 primary school teachers, nearly three quarters (73%) of the teachers questioned said they were not satisfied with their current professional situation.

They also express a very strong dissatisfaction with the Ministry of National Education (95%, including 72% not at all satisfied). Some say they feel despised, pushed around, not listened to enough. If Jean-Michel Blanquer has started, through the Grenelle de l’éducation, an increase in the salaries of teachers, starting with those at the start of their career, the road is still long, hammer the unions, who point to this subject as the priority. priorities for this new five-year term. The Snes-FSU recalls that a teacher begins by earning just over 10% above the minimum wage, for recruitment at bac +5.

Impossible to take stock of Jean-Michel Blanquer by forgetting the period of Covid and confinement, with the exceptional closure of schools, in the spring of 2020, for seven weeks for everyone, five additional depending on the levels. Teachers and parents of students will also remember for a long time the health protocols with multiple versions, modifications, reversals.

These changes, sometimes at the last minute, have also weighed heavily on the resentment vis-à-vis the minister, whom some blame for a disconnection from the field.

And then the other event independent of the reforms is the assassination of Samuel Paty, this history and geography teacher who was beheaded in October 2020. The tragedy traumatized the world of education and led to increased surveillance of respect for principles of secularism in schools.

But what we also remember from Jean-Michel Blanquer is his sometimes risky communication, summed up by his detractors in one destination: Ibiza, a Spanish seaside resort from where the minister conducted an interview at Parisian to explain yet another Covid protocol, on Sunday January 2, 2022 in the evening, the day before the start of the school year. What had ulcerated, once again, the teachers. The unions also regretted a new communication via the media, before the official channels of National Education.

But the discovery of the place where the interview was carried out added fuel to the fire, some seeing a discrepancy between the minister’s life and the difficulties on the ground, in schools. It is in fact the whole period of the Covid which has gradually deteriorated the image of Jean-Michel Blanquer. First faithful to the president, strongman of the government, he gradually became the bad student, seeming outside decision-making circles and chaining approximate, even false announcements, reframed by the Elysée or Matignon. Perhaps the most obvious example is this statement, on franceinfo, on March 12, 2020, in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic: “We have never considered the total closure of schools because it seems counterproductive to us.

A few hours later, Emmanuel Macron effectively announced the closure of schools. Follow, a few weeks later, hiccups on the presentation, too fast, of what was then only tracks of reopening of the schools… or even confusions of the minister, according to several interviews in March 2021, between the virus positivity rate (the number of people infected in relation to the number of tests carried out) and incidence rate (which makes it possible to know the circulation of Covid-19 in relation to the entire population). Overall, some scientists have criticized Jean-Michel Blanquer for having minimized the Covid epidemic in schools.

The teachers regularly criticize him for reserving his announcements to the press before the first concerned, as well as too many, too rapid and announced changes in protocol at the last moment. The return to school in January 2022 is decidedly difficult for the minister, with three protocol changes in one week. In point of fall: the strike of January 13, very followed by the teachers. From there, Jean Castex takes over control of the health file. In February, a government official referred to him as a “weight for the government, which has made mistakes“Since winter, Minister Blanquer has been more discreet. He is now devoting himself to his candidacy for the legislative elections, in Loiret, in the 4th district, in Montargis.



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Death of Françoise Rudetzki: “The law and the cause of victims in terrorist matters owes him a lot”, greets François Molins



The law and cause of victims in terrorism owes him a great deal“, believes François Molins, public prosecutor near the Court of Cassation. He pays tribute Wednesday May 18 on franceinfo to Françoise Rudetzki, who died at the age of 73. She founded SOS Attentats, the first association for the defense of victims of acts of terrorism, having herself been seriously injured in an attack in 1983.

François Molins remembers “strength of conviction and stubbornness” by Françoise Rudetzki. They knew each other well. François Molins investigated several cases related to terrorism (Merah case, Charlie Hebdo, the attacks of November 2015), when he was public prosecutor of Paris.

franceinfo: You who knew her very well, how would you define Françoise Rudetzki?

Francois Molins: She is a fighting woman. It is someone who had suffered in her flesh since she was the victim of a terrorist attack in Grand Véfour. She realized at the time the sidereal vacuum in which we were. Between 1983 and 1986, there was not much in terms of terrorism, there was not yet a centralized prosecutor’s office, nothing was done for the victims. So, indeed, she worked and fought all her life to have the status of victim recognized. It is a cause which, I think, was eminently just because when you are a victim of terrorism it is the State that you attack. The State has special duties towards the victims of the attacks. She was able to convey this message to politicians. She was able to obtain this status. It has advanced compensation for victims of terrorism. And then, it has never ceased to fight to improve the quality, precision and justice of the compensation system. So, she is really a woman of struggle and who, thanks to her constant stubbornness, was able to win her case on all the subjects she was involved in. Today, all the victims of the attacks fortunately benefit from it.

You were in charge of several major attacks that occurred in France, did it allow you to move forward in certain files?

She was someone I listened to very carefully because she actually had a knack for pointing out what was wrong and deserved to be reviewed and improved. He was someone I had a lot of respect for. He was a person we had to listen to because he had real expertise on all these subjects. She was very helpful. If I had to highlight two qualities, I would say strength of conviction and stubbornness, with this ability to fight as long as she did not win her case on the issues she was carrying. And that is quite admirable. I think that the law and the cause of victims in terrorism owes him a lot.

What still remains to be done in this area? Has the bulk of the work been done in this recognition of the victims of attacks?

I would say, all the same, a lot has been done, when you see the place of France and compensation schemes in an international landscape, I think that France is rather at the forefront today. However, to say that everything is perfect. No, definitely not. There are always things that need to be revisited and improved in policies in this area. And unfortunately, it will never be over. We will have and we will continue to need Françoise Rudetzki figures to carry these subjects high.