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VIDEO. Death of Hubert Germain: the three moments to remember from the national tribute to the last Companion of the Liberation at the Invalides


A solemn atmosphere under a bright sun. The tribute to Hubert Germain, the last Companion of the Liberation who died at the age of 101, was paid Friday, October 15 in the courtyard of the Invalides in Paris. Emmanuel Macron chaired the ceremony. Franceinfo has selected the three moments to remember from this tribute to resistance fighter Hubert Germain.

>> Relive the tribute ceremony to Hubert Germain in our replay

1The entrance of the body to the Invalides

To the sound of the drums, Hubert Germain’s coffin was carried to the center of the courtyard of the Invalides around 3 p.m., in front of various army corps, by the legionaries of the 13th demi-brigade of the Foreign Legion. Were present the Prime Minister, Jean Castex, the Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parly, or the Secretary of State for the Armed Forces, Geneviève Darrieussecq.


2The president’s tribute

“Our task will be to continue this fight with the same ardor.” The President of the Republic returned in detail on the course of Hubert Germain. For a little over fifteen minutes, Emmanuel Macron retraced his involvement in the Resistance, also recounting his feats of arms.

“At dawn as at dusk, Hubert Germain was the last to surrender”, honored the head of state, praising the “fiery” and the “determination” of this “resistant from the first hour”, which over time has become “the very embodiment of all his Companions”.

"Our task will be to continue this fight with the same ardor", the president's tribute speech

The Head of State once again greeted the Companions of the Liberation, “this circle which raised France from the abyss”, of which Hubert Germain had been a part since 1944, in a speech full of gratitude and tenderness for those who passed “a life of resistance and hope”.

3“La Marseillaise” before the end of the ceremony

“The Order of the Liberation will survive it, independent and faithful to its history, I swear it here”, said Emmanuel Macron. At the end of the president’s speech, those present in the courtyard of the Invalides were able to hear the Marseillaise.

La Marseillaise after Emmanuel Macron's speech

After this national tribute, Emmanuel Macron will preside over the burial ceremony of Hubert Germain, Thursday, November 11, at the Arc de Triomphe and Mont-Valérien, the main place of execution of resistance fighters during the Second World War. His body will rest in the crypt of the war memorial.



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In Marseille, heads of establishments reject the 50 “laboratory schools”: “It will put stress where there was none”


How it will go ? What is the actual budget allocated to these schools? ” These questions, this director of a REP + establishment in Marseille, has been asking herself since Emmanuel Macron announced, on September 2, 2021 during his visit to Marseille, to launch an experiment to “the school of the future”. Fifty “laboratory schools”, in which the directors will have more freedom to constitute their teaching team, with the objective of improving the educational offer in the “difficult neighborhoods“. But since this announcement, she does not know much more, she simply received very quickly a form to fill, rather summary. A simple sheet with just: write the title of the project, the needs identified and the objectives. I didn’t fill in anything … “, she admits. Others have been contacted directly by telephone by academic inspectors, say the teachers’ unions.

The form received by the teachers in Marseille after Emmanuel Macron's visit at the beginning of September, to be completed and returned within 8 days. & Nbsp;  (SCREENSHOT)

This director therefore prefers to sign a call to boycott this experiment, launched by 40 establishments in Marseille. First, because the project is still very opaque in its eyes, but also because of the cleavage it creates between the schools. “We are going to allocate budgets to such and such a school, and why not to another? It should be the same for everyone and more clearly propose a written project for all schools.

To date, according to information from franceinfo, 62 establishments have shown a “interest“. for the system of 50” laboratory schools “. This experiment also provides for school heads to recruit their teachers themselves. An inconceivable principle for this other director of a school in REP +, who also boycotted the project . “We entered a public service with fair rules in terms of personnel management and movement. All this is going to do is isolate the principal a little more from his teachers, put him in an awkward position, put stress and pressure where there was none.“, he laments.

“The school of the future” also plans to allocate additional resources on the basis of innovative projects. Another idea that does not pass either for Sébastien Fournier, deputy departmental secretary of SNUipp-FSU 13. He denounces a contractualization of means and is worried about the time-consuming turn that such a device can take. “Today, when we discuss with colleagues from the university, they spend their time responding to calls for projects to obtain funding, to conduct research or projects that they could do before without writing these projects, he observes. And this is a central modification of the profession. I say that for the directors who will spend their time tomorrow writing projects in order to have the same means. Today, at university, there are no more resources than before. So in reality, it is a change in structure and operation that will make matters worse and, in addition, create inequity.

“It attacks the principle of the republican school, the equality of means between the different schools, the equality of access to the school.”

Sébastien Fournier, deputy departmental secretary of SNUipp-FSU 13

to franceinfo

In addition to the 40 signatories of this call for a boycott, 40 other school leaders also refuse this experiment, according to the SNUipp-FSU 13 union. This makes 80 schools in all out of the 470 in Marseille.

“Laboratory schools” which are not unanimous in Marseille. Report by Farida Nouar

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Assassination of Samuel Paty: traumatized, his colleagues testify


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On October 16, 2020, Samuel Paty was assassinated on leaving the college where he taught in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines), victim of a young Islamist. His colleagues testify to their astonishment and their incomprehension.

A year after the assassination of their colleague, the professor of history and geography Samuel Paty, killed on October 16, 2020 for showing cartoons in class, the teachers of the Collège du Bois d’Aulne decided to speak out, in remaining anonymous. For the first time, they tell the fright, the trauma and the return to class in front of the students, a few days after the tragedy. “Even if we were a little supervised, it was still us who welcomed the students, and suddenly, it’s complicated to speak in front of the students, because there, there is no longer any facade”, confides a teacher, very moved.

“We surrender completely and I find that extremely violent when we know that two days later, there are students who were in this class who are no longer in the class because they were indicted, that to me. hurts a lot “, she continues. Samuel Paty was slaughtered in the middle of the street, at the end of college. A horror scene still in everyone’s mind. “I always have this fear, sometimes, when I park, of going to my house, of saying to myself: you never know what can happen”, says a professor.



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Assassination of Samuel Paty: details of tributes in France


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One year after the assassination of Samuel Paty, the whole town of Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines) will pay homage to the professor. Hugo Puffeney, journalist at France Télévisions, gives the details of this day.

One year after the appalling assassination of Samuel Paty in a college in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, the inhabitants of this city of Yvelines are preparing to pay him homage. “It is a whole city that will meditate during two ceremonies. Students and teachers will meet away from the cameras in the Bois d’Aulne college. There will be a second ceremony, Saturday October 16, with the parents of the students, there will be a speech“, explains Hugo Puffeney, journalist at France Télévisions en direct for 19/20, Thursday, October 14.

The Saturday ceremony will be more official. A statue will be unveiled and a march will go to the Place de la Liberté in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine. “In Éragny [Yvelines], where Samuel Paty lived, a tribute will be paid, as will the Sorbonne and the Ministry of Education. Friday, October 15, in all colleges and high schools in France, time will be devoted to discussing freedom of expression. Jean Castex and Emmanuel Macron will receive, in turn, the family of Samuel Paty “, adds the journalist.



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Tribute to Samuel Paty: the parents of the students feel “put aside” from the ceremonies



After the assassination of Samuel Paty, a year ago, the college of Bois-d’Aulne in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine made community. Students, teachers, parents … all went through this tragedy together. A year later, the parents’ federations expressed their dissatisfaction and annoyance with the organization of tribute ceremonies within the establishment. “We are looking for a unity that seems to us to be essential and on does not understand why, when everyone asks for it within the college, we cannot be together“, notes Corinne Grootaert, representative of the Fpublication of parents’ councils (FCPE) in this establishment of 750 students.

Two ceremonies are planned. The first, Friday, October 15, with some of the students and teachers only. The other, more official, on Saturday October 16, one year to the day after the assassination of Samuel Paty, with 200 parents and students maximum and the Minister of National Education Jean-Michel Blanquer. Corinne Grootaert regrets that all parents cannot attend these moments. “Homage is also a symbol for us, she explains. And then it’s important to be there because we all lived it together last year. “

“Today we have to have a period of mourning and reconstruction together, that’s really the word that must be kept. We have the impression of being sidelined by the institution, and we don’t understand why. “

Corinne Grootaert, representative of the FCPE at the Collège du Bois-d’Aulne

to franceinfo

Homage is necessary to be together, to try to move forward together. There will always be a before and an after, no one will say the other way around“, she adds.

The college’s FCPE section also sent a letter to the Department of Departmental Services for National Education (DSDEN) to denounce the process and the organization. “It is unheard of and unacceptable that you do not let Bois-d’Aulne organize its tribute as everyone wishes (parents, teachers and children)“, writes the association.

The other parents’ organization, the Federation of Parents of Public Education Students (Peep), denounces in an open letter a “extremely complicated dialogue “, a “great dismay “. The association specifies that without his insistence, “no time for internal recollection at the establishment would have been organized“.”It doesn’t have to be just an official ceremony, says Cécile Ribet-Retel, representative of the Peep. We need to have times of communion, of collective recollection. “

“We owe Monsieur Paty’s memory more than a plaque and flowers.”

Cécile Ribet-Retel, representative of the Peep at the Collège du Bois-d’Aulne

to franceinfo

On the side of the rectorate, we ensure to do the maximum taking into account the space available in the college and safety rules. The sound of the tribute will also be broadcast on the forecourt of the establishment.

Homage to Samuel Paty, the incomprehension of the parents of the pupils. Report by Noémie Bonnin.

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Abortion: is France lagging behind on legal deadlines in Europe, as Olivier Véran asserts?



“I support the extension of the deadline for abortion in France”, said the Minister of Health Olivier Véran, interviewed Wednesday, October 13, on franceinfo. The Minister of Health therefore sees a “good eye” the initiative of Christophe Castaner, the boss of the LREM group in the National Assembly, who wants the extension of the legal period for abortion to be again examined by the deputies, so that it goes from 12 to 14 weeks.

“The deadline today is 12 weeks in France, it is on average 13 weeks in the European Union, France is therefore 18th out of 27 in the country of Simone Veil, argued Olivier Véran. And if we go to 14 weeks, we will be part of the countries, along with the neighboring countries, that are at that 14 week deadline. “ This is not correct.

Regarding our direct neighbors, contrary to what Olivier Véran asserts, only Spain has a legal abortion deadline of 14 weeks. Germany and Belgium also have a maximum deadline of 12 weeks. In Italy or Switzerland, this deadline is set at 10 weeks of pregnancy.

Referring to the European average for legal abortion times makes little sense for two reasons. First of all, there is a certain vagueness in Europe on the notion of “weeks of pregnancy”. As reported in a Senate note published last August, “not all countries adopt the same approach to counting the legal period of termination of pregnancy”. Some countries like France make it clear that it should count from the day of fertilization, but others instead count from the first day of the last menstrual period, which can lead to a gap of two weeks. Some countries do not even stipulate in their law the method of calculation to be adopted.

In addition, there are large disparities in delays between countries. Most European countries set a legal deadline of between 10 and 12 weeks while a small handful of countries like the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom have much longer deadlines of 18, 22 or even 24 weeks.

This handful of countries with very favorable legal deadlines mechanically inflates the average while the majority of European women have much less time to be able to have a legal abortion, as seems to indicate a comparative table produced by IPPF-EN, the European network of the International Federation for Family Planning (pages 32 to 35).



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A demonstration in Paris to protest against the establishment of crack users in Seine-Saint-Denis


The mayors of Aubervilliers and Pantin sent the Prime Minister a letter signed by residents, asking for a lasting solution to the presence of crack users at the Porte de La Villette.

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About sixty people have relocated to the center of Paris, Wednesday, October 13, the weekly demonstration against the consumption of crack which had so far taken place in Seine-Saint-Denis. Several residents took turns at the microphone to describe the consequences of the recent establishment of crack users near Quatre-Chemins, a popular district straddling the communes of Aubervilliers and Pantin. They called on the authorities to act on the consequences of this situation.

After their speech, Karine Franclet, UDI mayor of Aubervilliers, and Bertrand Kern, PS mayor of Pantin, went with other elected officials from the department near Matignon. They gave a gendarme sent by the Prime Minister’s services a letter signed by the inhabitants. “We ask that these people who use crack be subject to medical, health and social care”, they write to Jean Castex.

On September 24, around fifty users of crack, a smokable and highly addictive derivative of cocaine, were expelled from the 19th arrondissement of the capital. The police headquarters had a wall erected in a tunnel to prevent drug addicts from going to Pantin. But the latter bypass the obstacle, renamed “wall of shame” by the inhabitants.



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Montpellier police station: Gérald Darmanin announces an investigation into the reception of victims of sexual violence


Before the Law Commission of the National Assembly, the Minister of the Interior returned to the accusations of poor care for victims of sexual assault by this police station.

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An investigation to respond to the controversy. The Minister of the Interior, Gérald Darmanin, announced, Wednesday, October 13, an investigation by the central public security department on the Montpellier police station (Hérault), accused by several testimonies of poorly welcoming victims of sexual violence. “We will draw all the consequences, but me, I am like everyone else, I only do it once I have clear and precise bases”, added the Minister.

He was questioned by the Law Commission on a demonstration held on Sunday in the city of Hérault. This police station has been singled out for two weeks by women victims of sexual assault who, on social networks, denounce the way they were received when filing a complaint against their attackers. Their words were relayed by feminist activist Anna Toumazoff who launched the hashtag #doublepeine, since taken over by hundreds of women, targeting police stations across France.



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Radical Islam: the prefect of Sarthe decides to close the Allonnes mosque


This mosque, located in the popular town of Allones, is accused of being the scene of sermons legitimizing armed jihad and the commission of acts of terrorism.

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She is accused of legitimizing “recourse to armed jihad”. The prefecture of Sarthe announced Wednesday, October 13 that it had initiated a procedure to close the Allonnes mosque, near Le Mans, which hosts around 300 worshipers. “According to the elements collected, sermons and the activity of this place of worship, frequented by individuals belonging to or close to the radical Islamist movement, legitimize the use of armed jihad, death as a martyr, the commission of acts of terrorism and the use of violence, hatred and discrimination as well as the establishment of Sharia “, justifies the prefecture.

This place also houses a Koranic school “welcoming around 110 children before whom armed jihad was valued and which therefore constitutes a place of indoctrination”, according to the same source. Also, “under the terms of the law, all of these facts constitute statements made, ideas and theories disseminated, or activities inciting violence, hatred or discrimination, provoking the commission of acts of terrorism or defending such acts “.

“In view of these elements, at the request of the Minister of the Interior, the Prefect of Sarthe initiated a procedure to close this place of worship”, concludes the press release. Allonnes is a popular town of around 11,000 inhabitants located south-west of Le Mans.



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The government will distribute a “baby box” to young parents in maternity hospitals


Some 180,000 packages will be distributed from February in maternity hospitals in municipalities with priority neighborhoods and rural revitalization municipalities.

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Parents of newborns will receive from February 2022 “baby boxes” in the maternity ward, an opportunity for the nursing staff to pass on prevention messages, announced the Secretary of State for Children on Tuesday, October 12. “Each object [de cette box] conveys and symbolizes a message intended to help parents. It will serve as a support for dialogue with families at the maternity ward “, indicates the cabinet of Secretary of State Adrien Taquet.

The “baby box” will thus contain a sleeping bag, which will explain how to put the baby to bed to avoid any accident such as sudden infant death. An album will make parents aware of the importance of artistic and cultural awakening in infants, interactions with parents, and encourage them to read to their child without waiting for him to go to school. A soap will help promote natural products and alert to endocrine disruptors and chemicals, while a moisturizer will remind the mother of the importance of taking time for herself.

Rather than a box, this package will be delivered in the form of a shoulder bag. For the government, this is a “invitation to go out, (…) to play sports or outdoor activities”. Some 180,000 boxes will be distributed from February in maternity hospitals in municipalities with priority neighborhoods and rural revitalization municipalities. The device will be evaluated in the summer before being undoubtedly extended to the whole of the territory.