June 15, 2021

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5 rules to keep in mind for safe climbing

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To climb the mountain safely, you need to practice well to have good physical strength, bring the necessary support equipment, go with local people and do not be subjective.

Mr. Nguyen Duc Hung is an experienced person in conquering many of the highest and most dangerous mountains in the Northwest, as well as exploring caves and caves. Son Doong. Below are his shares about preparing before and in the journey to have a safe climb.

Prepare physical strength and endurance before going

Mountain climbing is not a sport for people with weak health or diseases of bones, joints, heart or blood pressure. People with good health still need to run, especially climb stairs or practice standing up and sitting exercises every day from 3 weeks to 1 month before the trip so that the body gets used to being constantly pressed when climbing. . I have met many cases of young and healthy people who have arthritis in their knees, ankles or calves when climbing the mountain because they did not practice well before. Many people could not continue climbing and had to ask someone to help them down the mountain.

Before going, you need to eat enough nutrients and get enough sleep. The northern climbing arcs are often located in remote places, taking many hours by car to reach the starting point. Particularly for climbing Pusilung, it takes 13-14 hours to travel by sleeper car from Hanoi to the starting point in Pa Ve Su commune (Muong Te district, Lai Chau). Therefore, with the far arcs, you should move close to the starting point and spend the night there to have the best condition for the trip the next day.

The road to Ta Chi Nhu. Image: Nguyen Duc Hung

Find out first on bow creep

Before the trip, the backpacker needs to learn carefully about the road, the mountain that he is about to conquer, from the terrain, terrain, flora and fauna… This is very important because it will help us know what to expect. What difficulties do you have to face to overcome?

In addition, it is also necessary to carefully monitor the weather forecast for the days of travel. It is not recommended to climb some arcs with many streams and steep slopes if it is raining or raining.

“If it rains heavily, I will not take my guests to conquer the peaks of Pusilung or Nam Kang Ho Tao because it is very dangerous,” said Nguyen Trung Kien, who regularly organizes climbing trips in the Northwest.

Pusilung climbing palace has a total of 11 large and small streams. A heavy rain will cause the spring water to rise, which can cause floods or split the road, leaving the backpacker stuck in the forest for many days. Nam Kang Ho Tao Palace has many steep cliffs, when it rains the mossy cliffs will be slippery, if the climber falls, he can fall into the abyss.

Prepare necessary personal items

During each climbing trip, my outfit includes: Light cotton inner shirt, light jacket, quick-drying pants, sun hat, gloves, sun glasses, knee brace, ankle brace to help minimize affects the knees and ankles.

There is also a small backpack (containing snacks, warm jacket and dry shirt, scarf, raincoat, flu medicine, drinking water, lighters …). Even though it was hot, I had to bring a warm jacket in case the weather changed. When climbing in the mountains or bare hills in hot weather, you need to wear sunscreen but be cool to prevent heatstroke. Mountaineering shoes have good drainage, and climbing sticks are also essential.

It should be noted that in the high mountains, although it is sunny and when climbing, people are very hot, but the outdoor temperature is always low and there is strong wind. Therefore, every time you take a break, you need to take a dry towel to wipe the sweat on your body and wear a jacket to avoid catching a cold. If it rains, change into dry clothes and wear a warm jacket and raincoat outside to prevent water absorption and heat loss.

Must have a local guide

According to Mr. Manh Chien, administrator of the Mountaineering Enthusiasm Forum with more than 45,000 members, with the North West’s treacherous arcs, you should go with experienced people to organize or hire group leaders and guides. leader), an experienced local porter who has climbed those arcs.

Team leaders or experienced guides will assign tasks to each member, anticipate difficulties and know how to handle situations when problems arise. Climbing bows like Pusilung are very long and dangerous, without them, backpackers may lose their way or fail to conquer the mountain due to unreasonable timing.

With difficult climbs and no shacks, you should hire many porters, two people have a porter to avoid having to carry your own tent, cooking utensils and food, leading to reduced fitness.

The guide helps the tourists cross the stream.  Photo: Hoang Bac

The guide helps the tourists cross the stream. Image: Hoang Bac

Not subjective

According to Mr. Nguyen Hoang Bac, a person specializing in mountain climbing tours in the Northwest, all the climbing arcs have been introduced in detail by previous backpackers. However, those who follow are absolutely not subjective. In particular, during the climb, do not separate the group and always follow the porters to avoid getting lost or encountering snakes and wild animals. In case you get lost, find the nearest trail or stay where you are and find a way to light a fire and signal smoke to let other members find you.

If you are not used to bathing in cold water, you should not bathe in springs because spring water in the northern mountains is very cold and easy to catch a cold. Personally, I often take cold showers at home, so I can bathe in the stream, but usually take a quick shower when the body is still warm and immediately put on warm clothes, go to rest in a tent or shelter.

When you have to sleep in a tent, you need to set up the tent in a high and dry place, use a sheet of insulation to prevent your body from getting cold when it comes in contact with the ground. Dry leaves can be used to spread under the tent in case there is no insulation. Especially do not drink alcohol before, and during climbing to avoid muscle weakness and loss of consciousness. After drinking alcohol, the body encounters rainy or hot weather and is also prone to colds.

If you feel you can’t keep going, don’t try. Please notify the team leader or members of the team for timely support.

Nguyen Duc Hung

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