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Technology

Covid and health risks: Brigitte Autran at the head of the heir to the Scientific Council


It is now official. The immunologist Brigitte Autran will chair the new “Committee for monitoring and anticipating health risks”, announced this Wednesday a decree in the “Official Journal”. This committee succeeds the Scientific Council created in 2020 to guide the action of the French government in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic and which ceased to exist with the lifting of the state of health emergency at the end of July.

The new structure, which will be operational from the start of the school year, will be made up of 16 scientists, a representative of the citizens and one of the patients. Its mission will be to keep a watch on all health risks, with particular attention to environmental pollutants and the consequences of global warming as well as interactions between animals and humans. This global vision, called “global health”, is increasingly defended by a number of public health specialists.

Covid: the risk of a new peak

“Diseases can be transmitted from animals to humans, or vice versa, or even come back boomerang from one to another”, details Brigitte Autran in an interview given to “Parisien” on the occasion. of his appointment. “We have known this for a long time but without fully taking the measure”, and “today, public policies must take this fact into account”, underlines the professor emeritus of immunology, recognized in particular for her research on AIDS.

Speaking on various current health topics, Brigitte Autran warns that the Covid epidemic is not over and risks experiencing a new peak at the start of the school year after the current low. She points to the “levers” that remain to be activated to avoid new deaths: “There are still too many people who are not vaccinated or not revaccinated (…) Effective treatments to avoid serious forms, such as Paxlovid, are too few offered to fragile patients,” she regrets.

But it differentiates the fight against Covid, in which it seems illusory to completely eliminate the circulation of the virus, from that against monkey pox, or “monkeypox”. “A “zero Monkeypox” strategy is possible, unlike that of “zero Covid +”, she assures, calling for the acceleration of vaccination campaigns. “By its nature, its routes of transmission, it is a virus that can be controlled. »

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Entertainment

Love on the screen: Garbo, dreamer, caresses the country sideboard


Find all the episodes of “Love Story”, as and when, in our file.

Garbo gets up, in his nightgown. She’s the Queen of Sweden, but the handsome Spanish ambassador doesn’t know it. He took him for a boy, and, delighted to share a bed with him, discovered that he had a wife – and what a wife! – between the arms, in this inn lost in the snows of the North. She, incognito, has just spent a dream night, the caballero made him discover the seventh heaven and the Kama-sutra Iberian version. The scene is mythical: Garbo, dreamy, walks in this attic, strokes the country sideboard, touches the rustic spinning wheel, hugs an armful of carded wool, slides onto the four-poster bed, presses the pillow. Don Antonio Pimentel de Prado, seated in front of the fireplace, looks at her, in love. He asked him : ” Why are you doing this ? » She answers : “I want to remember everything. This is how God must have felt after creating the world. »

Mazette! Love, in “Queen Christine” by Rouben Mamoulian (the elegant director of “Carrefours de la ville”), is not an empty word. The scene has remained famous, especially because it is played by Greta Garbo, the “Swedish Sphinx”, and by John Gilbert, “The Great Lover”, who was her lover and who burned himself chasing her.

Adventure ignites Hollywood

In 1933, talking pictures took the world by storm. The rooms are equipped, the studios have glued microphones as big as

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Mobility: the enhanced bicycle bonus for the most vulnerable people


With an average price of between 1,500 and 2,000 euros (according to the calculation of UFC Que Choisir), the electric bike remains inaccessible to the most precarious people. This is the reason for this new decree which came into force on Monday, which increases the maximum bonus for the purchase of an electric bicycle from 200 to 300 euros, for people whose tax income per unit is less than 13,489 euros. Another measure, obtaining this bonus will no longer be conditional on the payment of aid from a local authority.

The decree also targets people with disabilities and those whose tax income falls to 6,300 euros at most. The latter will be able to benefit from this aid up to 400 euros. If they decide to buy a cargo bike, a folding bike or an electric trailer, the bonus can reach 2,000 euros, against 1,000 euros for other beneficiaries of the aid. For all other types of bicycle, they will be entitled to aid equivalent to 40% of the purchase price, up to 150 euros.

For people with disabilities or low incomes who wish to get rid of a polluting vehicle to buy an electric bike, the maximum amount of the conversion bonus is increased to 3,000 euros, compared to 1,500 euros for other beneficiaries of the ‘assistance. Finally, the conversion bonus will be, from next January 1, accessible to several members of the same tax household. As a reminder, the “bike bonus” is only accessible once, and only for the purchase of a new bike.

Booming bicycle journeys

Interviewed on France Info on Monday, Virgile Caillet, general delegate of the Union sport et cycle – which brings together 1,700 companies in the sports sector – welcomed this new measure: “It’s obviously going in the right direction, even if there are a lot conditions for this aid. (…) France is once again becoming a cycling country. »

The first version of the ecological bonus for electrically assisted bicycles was launched in February 2017. The system was then integrated into the “Plan Vélo”, launched by the Ministry of Transport the following year. Its main objective: to increase the overall share of bicycle journeys in France to 9% in 2024, via purchase incentives, awareness campaigns and the development of appropriate infrastructure. Against the backdrop of the ecological imperative.

According to the reference association Vélo et Territoires, during the first half of 2022, bicycle journeys increased by 12% compared to 2021. This increase reached 39% compared to 2019, just before the health crisis. Figures pulled up by attendance during the week and in urban areas.

With AFP

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Inflation, rising interest rates, Ukraine and now political uncertainty, the shocks are multiplying. To evolve in an increasingly complex environment, the editorial expertise of Les Echos is invaluable. Every day, our surveys, analyses, columns and editorials accompany our subscribers, help them understand the changes that are transforming our world and prepare them to make the best decisions.

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Sports

European Multisport and Swimming Championships: the Blues seduce two years before the Olympics



He had warned that he would stop at “the slightest warning”. Touched to an adductor three weeks after his second title of world champion in Eugene (United States), the Frenchman Kevin Mayer logically withdrew from the tracks from the first test of the decathlon, Monday August 15. But even deprived of one of its sure values, the tricolor contingent continued to garner the charms at the European championships which bring together nine sports in Munich (Germany), until August 21. The French team now has 30 medals, including 9 gold, before, in particular, the finals of the 110m and 400m hurdles, the 800m and the hammer in athletics.

Track cycling paved the way

With eleven podiums including five gold medals, the Blues owe most of their success to the track, where French cyclists still had a good day on Monday August 15th. At the end of the last sprint of the points race, the young Donavan Grondin (21) won the European title in the Omnium. Clara Copponi took the same route for a long time in the women’s race, but suffered the consequences of the interruption of the race due to a fall involving other runners. The Frenchwoman left the German velodrome with the silver medal. Melvin Landerneau meanwhile dominated the kilometer event to win the first European title of his career.

A year after the disappointment of the tricolor clan at the Tokyo Olympics, Sébastien Vigier had acted, a day earlier, the revival of French track cycling by becoming European champion in individual speed, he who had no longer tasted such metal. since five years. The 25-year-old track rider nevertheless took advantage of the absence of the Dutch Harrie Lavreysen and Jeffrey Hoogland, who came to the first two places in the event a year ago in Japan.

A title in table tennis, promises in climbing

Arrived in Munich as favorites, the French pair composed of Jianan Yuan and Emmanuel Lebesson got their hands on the final of the table tennis mixed doubles, Monday August 15, to bring the first title of the Blues in this discipline in thirty-two years. . The duo erases the bitterness of a fourth place at the last Olympic Games and a semi-final lost in 2021 at the European Championships, disputed annually, and ideally embarks on their preparation, supposed to take them to the Olympic gold in Paris, in two years.

If she has, on her side, all the rest of her career to shine, the climber Oriane Bertone can also aspire to a medal in climbing from the next Olympiad. At only 17 years old, the Frenchwoman won bronze on Sunday August 14 during the bouldering event, which consists of climbing a route at a low height. On Monday August 15, Frenchman Guillaume Moro also had his first international podium in the speed event, bringing the number of medals for the French delegation to four, before the combined events on Wednesday August 17 and Thursday August 18, including the new format tested in Germany will be retained at the Paris Games.

Other “Marseillaises” sounded, five times in the triathlon (swimming, cycling, running), where the mixed relay flew over the competition, Sunday August 14, or thanks to the French rowing women, Claire Bové and Laura Tarantola, reigning Olympic vice-champions and second in the lightweight double sculls. Far, however, behind Great Britain.

In Rome, the harvest of French swimming

Attached to the first European multi-sport championships four years ago, swimming is standing apart this summer for the organization of its European championships, which take place on almost the same dates (August 11 to 17) but in the pools from Rome (Italy). After the disappointment of not having kept her title of European champion in the 100 m butterfly, which she finally traded for a silver medal, the Frenchwoman Marie Wattel reacted immediately by successfully concluding the mixed relay of freestyle on 4×100 m, alongside Charlotte Bonnet, Maxime Grousset and Charles Rihoux, Monday August 15. The French team had already received gold in this category in 2018.

While several of the best French swimmers had chosen to skip Rome – only two months after the Worlds, where the phenomenon Léon Marchand, for example, was illustrated –, the Blues had still been able to count, the day before, on Analia Pigrée to win the 50m backstroke. Saturday August 13, the first French gold medal came from the 200 m backstroke thanks to Yohann Ndoye Brouard, after the French had already climbed on four podiums. Four others – all on the third step – were donated by artistic swimming.

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Auto

Engine running, VP running


128937299/olando – stock.adobe.com

RIGHT OF THE USER – While France is experiencing a strong heat wave, the municipality of Nancy has decided to sanction road users who leave their engine running when stationary or parked.

Unprecedented decision to fight against CO emissions2 and fine particles in the context of the heat wave, the municipality of Nancy has indicated that it will sanction any road user whose vehicle is stationary or parked with the engine running. This decision, which could extend to other cities, being legal, between air conditioning and PV, motorists will have to choose.

A decree, although old but still in force, dated November 12, 1963 and relating to the fumes produced by motor vehicles, precisely provides that: “parked vehicles must have their engines stopped, except in case of necessity, in particular when cold starts.

This prohibition has been taken up by the Highway Code which recalls more generally that motor vehicles must not emit smoke, toxic, corrosive or odorous gases, under conditions likely to inconvenience the population or compromise the health and public security (art. R 318-1).

The Court of Cassation has also recently validated the conviction of a fined motorist because his parked vehicle did not have its engine stopped (Cassation, March 22, 2022, 21-85.693) even though the fining agent had not mentioned on the report the emission of toxic fumes.

Know therefore that only the user of an electric vehicle escapes this incrimination and that for the others, they incur a fine of 135 euros and the risk of immobilization of their vehicle.

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Technology

Labor reform: what Macron is preparing


The reform of the Labor Code had opened the first five-year term of Emmanuel Macron. For the second, it is now time for labor reform. This was announced by the Head of State during his television interview for July 14, marking a surprise acceleration of the calendar.

“When summer returns, after discussions with the social partners, the government will submit a text”, explained Emmanuel Macron, specifying: “It’s a whole, because there is the reform of unemployment insurance, the valorization of acquired experience, qualification”. He also mentioned the reform of the vocational high school and apprenticeship, the employment of seniors and the creation of France Travail.

Objective: to respond to the recruitment problems of companies and achieve full employment by the end of the five-year term, ie an unemployment rate of around 5% against 7.4% currently.

Emmanuel Macron, July 14, 2022.AFP

Overview of what is being prepared, with links to the decryptions of the “Echos” specialists:

· Unemployment insurance: stick the rules of compensation to the economic situation

ROMUALD MEIGNEUX/SIPA

While the executive regained control of the unemployment insurance system three years ago and tightened the conditions for compensation for job seekers, Emmanuel Macron believes that “we must go further. »

“Today there is not a place in France where people do not tell us: ‘I need work, I am looking for people to work’”. “It happened to me sometimes (…) to say that you had to cross the street” to find work, “it’s even more true” today, he insisted. Asked about those who would refuse jobs deemed hard and poorly paid, “if they can go to another job, I understand it very well”, but “if behind, the answer is: “I will benefit from solidarity national to reflect on my life”, I find it difficult to hear it because this national solidarity, it is those who work who pay for it”, he decided.

After having implemented on October 1, 2021 a new method of calculation serving as the basis for unemployment benefit and having tightened since December 1, 2021 the conditions of eligibility – with in particular the need to have worked six months instead of four to be compensated – the idea of ​​the executive is now that the rules of compensation are more modulated according to the situation.

“When things are going well, we tighten the rules and, when things are going badly, we relax them”, explained the Minister of Labor, Olivier Dussopt, on July 27 to “Parisien”, citing the example of what is done in Canada. The terms of the reform have not yet been decided, but the transition from one situation to another would be decided either according to “criteria, such as a number of consecutive quarters with an improvement in employment”, or after “opinion of a “committee”, specified the minister. A consultation must be launched with the social partners at the start of the school year.

· Unemployment insurance: review the governance of Unédic

Vincent Loison/SIPA

The labor reform should also address the question of the governance of the unemployment insurance scheme, which the State took over from the social partners in 2019. A subject which was already on the program of Jean Castex, the predecessor of Elisabeth Borne, but which could not start for lack of time.

Several works have been carried out to outline what this new governance of Unédic could be. The Medef has theorized a two-tier system, one in the hands of the state to define a base of rights for the unemployed, the second managed by the social partners.

In a report that made a bit of noise, the Council for Economic Analysis went so far as to advocate the nationalization of the regime, under parliamentary control.

RSA: improving the integration of beneficiaries

ALLILI MOURAD/SIPA

A reform of the active solidarity income (RSA) – another campaign promise of Emmanuel Macron – will also feature in the future labor reform. The Head of State insisted, on July 14, both on the need for the public community to support any beneficiary, including on travel or housing problems, but also on the fact that each beneficiary must ” do your part”. It was “at the heart of the RMI” when Michel Rocard created it in 1988, he underlined.

“Paying an allowance is not enough […] What we want is for everyone to get out of it and regain their dignity through work,” said the Prime Minister at the beginning of July during her general policy speech. Like what has been put in place with the youth employment contract (CEJ) for those under 26.

To achieve this, Elisabeth Borne plans to first go through an experiment in the fall in several departments, then to generalize the system in early 2024, according to information from “Echos”.

In each department selected, all RSA recipients would benefit from a unified diagnosis-orientation phase. All actors tasked with helping them would share common monitoring software. The test departments would have leeway to define the number of hours of weekly activities according to the profiles of the recipients or local contexts. Ditto for the scale of sanctions in the event of breach of obligations.

France is working to bring together all the operators who help the unemployed

LODI Franck/SIPA

Born at the end of 2008 from the merger of ANPE and Assedic, Pôle emploi, the flagship of the public employment service, must become “France travail”, promised Emmanuel Macron during the presidential campaign. The project goes much further than a change of name, since it is a question of constituting local authorities, decision-makers, bringing together all the actors who work in favor of those who are deprived of employment.

In the eyes of the Head of State, everything that contributes to supporting the unemployed – help with re-employment, compensation, training or lifting of so-called “peripheral” obstacles such as housing – remains too dispersed between Pôle emploi, the missions local authorities, regional and departmental councils, municipalities, Cap emploi (for the disabled) and associations. “We need a single place, simpler, where all the skills are gathered, to help the job seeker to take stock of skills, find training and support towards work”, he believes.

Better guide and reform vocational high schools

NICOLAS MESSYASZ/SIPA

Full employment will also go through a reform of orientation, from secondary school with the regions to university, passing through vocational high schools. “Thanks to this, over the next few years we will be able to train 1 million young people in the jobs of the future, half of them in digital technology,” promised Elisabeth Borne.

In March, for his first official campaign speech in Poissy, Emmanuel Macron set the tone: “We must reform the vocational high school on the model of what we have done for learning”. The Head of State then indicated that he wanted “a much closer partnership with companies” and professional high school students “paid for their business time as apprentices are”. There are “too many young people who come out with a diploma but no job”, underlined Emmanuel Macron. “We let live too many sectors where there are almost no outlets”.

In the government of Elisabeth Borne, the post of Minister responsible for Vocational Education and Training has been created under the dual supervision of the Ministers of Labor and National Education. It was Carole Grandjean, macronist from the start until now LREM deputy for Meurthe-et-Moselle, member of the Social Affairs Committee, and former human resources manager at Elior, who inherited it.

Extend the working life:

Getty Images

To continue to finance the French social model, which he says is very “generous” compared to other countries in the world, Emmanuel Macron repeated, on July 14, that “we had to work more and longer”. In his campaign programme, the Head of State had set himself the objective of raising the legal retirement age to 65 by 2030, before softening his position just before the second round of the presidential.

Several axes are under study. Emmanuel Macron said he wanted to “improve the quality of work, improve the work of seniors and work longer, taking into account long careers and the difficulty of work”.

“The discussion must begin at the start of the school year”, first in a “strategic and general framework with all the living forces of the Nation”, then through “work with the trade union and employer forces” and finally “with the political forces in Parliament” so that “from the summer of 2023 we have a first entry into force”, he indicated.

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Entertainment

Love on screen: under the veils of “Let’s sing in the rain”


Find all the episodes of “Love Story”, as and when, in our file.

It’s a love scene, and it’s not. The ballet “Crazy Veil” from “Singing in the Rain”, where Gene Kelly and Cyd Charisse meet, brush against each other, desire each other, move away and whirl in an infinite horizon is one of the most most sensual in the history of the musical. No hugs, no crumpled sheets, no shared lipstick, just a moment of perfect grace, a pure gem of voluptuousness that has nothing to do with the rest of the film, and which oddly eclipses the love story main between Don Lockwood (Gene Kelly) and Kathy Selden (Debbie Reynolds).

Released in 1952 in New York, presented in Paris in September 1953, the film remains a masterpiece, one of those gems that only MGM knew how to produce, in a maelstrom of feathers, girls, haunting melodies, yogurt sets and sugar-spangled costumes. The love here is caused by the rain, the dancing and above all – above all! – the magic of cinema.

Silk, aircraft engines and patches

“Crazy Veil” is a dream sequence that the hero, silent film star on the verge of defeat, fantasizes during a cocktail party. Initially, Gene Kelly conceives a “dance of scarves” which he transforms and enlarges. He then imposes strips of silk gauze 8 meters long, floating horizontally under a poetic trade wind. Then he changes his mind. It will be 15 meters. Cyd Charisse, the most beautiful and the most experienced

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Priority neighborhoods: insufficient employment aid to reduce the gaps


Reduce inequalities in access to employment. This objective, the cornerstone of public policies specific to priority districts of city policy (QPV), is struggling to be achieved, points out the Court of Auditors in a report published last July.

The approximately 1,514 QPV, bringing together, at 1er January 2018, 8% of the population have incomes lower than the national average – largely drawn from social benefits – and a greatly deteriorated employment situation. While the proportion of people outside the labor market is higher than elsewhere, the unemployment rate there is three times higher than the national average. Nearly 40% of QPV residents are under 25 years old.

Statement of failure

The challenge is twofold: to seek out inhabitants who are far from the labor market, the “invisible”, but also to offer them a suitable course.

Several measures in favor of employment coexist in these priority districts, combining common employment law and specific policies of city contracts such as “free jobs”, allowing an employer to benefit from assistance when hiring a resident residing in a priority area.

Between 2015 and 2021, the resources allocated by Pôle emploi to its agencies have been increased more in the QPVs than in the other territories. In 2021, Pôle emploi’s expenditure in favor of QPVs amounted to 703 million euros for operating expenses and 252 million euros for intervention expenses.

Discrimination

Despite the various attempts to reduce inequalities in employment put in place in recent years, “the systems, as they are designed and deployed today, are not able to reduce the gaps between them [les QPV] and the rest of the population”, notes the Court of Auditors.

Franchised jobs, which are supposed to encourage employers to turn to profiles from priority neighborhoods, do not prevent discrimination: “Barring exceptions, financial aid does not succeed in counterbalancing the negative signal produced by the address of the candidate residing in QPV”, underlines the Court of Auditors.

At issue: a poor adaptation of the systems to the specificities and needs of priority neighborhoods and their inhabitants as well as a lack of efficiency in the deployment of the employment policy, made more complex by the lack of coordination between the national actors and local.

Listen to the locals

To remedy these shortcomings, the Court recommends in particular facilitating access to apprenticeships for young people in QPVs, or harmonizing the conditions of eligibility for employment schemes.

“The more systematic integration of the company upstream and throughout any integration process and the development of the “going towards”, with the support of the associative environment, especially in the sports environment, constitute, with the decompartmentalization of modes of intervention and listening to residents, the main areas for improving public action in favor of the employment of residents of QPVs”, concludes the Court of Auditors.

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Technology

Fires: the executive promises tax aid to disaster victims


After the response on the ground, place to the political and financial response. While the return of the rain this weekend has allowed a lull on the fire front, particularly in Gironde, the executive is already announcing a series of tax aid to support the victims of this summer, through the creation of a “fire unit”.

“We want to give a little oxygen to all those who have suffered directly from the fires”, declared this Monday the Minister of Public Accounts Gabriel Attal in an interview with “Dauphiné Libéré”, via “devices to support individuals, businesses and communities impacted.

From next week, a “fire unit” will therefore be set up in Bercy within the public finance department, in conjunction with the Urssaf, to set up what the executive calls a “tax buffer”.

income tax deadline

In detail, the guarantor of public funds provides for individuals who have seen their property permanently affected “mainly three measures”: an exceptional period for the collection of income tax, a suspension of local taxes (property tax and housing) concerning damaged housing and a potential downward revision of rental values, “depending on the depreciation of the property”.

Gabriel Attal evokes, for companies, “deferrals of payment of tax deadlines” and an accelerated reimbursement of VAT or CICE credits, “to give a boost to their cash flow”. Already during the Covid crisis, the government of the day had provided in the many tools put on the table to cushion the economic crisis for “tax shock absorbers” which went through deferrals.

Additional Credits

For the moment, the Bercy tenant does not mention an amount for this series of measures. Similarly, no figure has yet been given for the additional means that must be added to the finance bill for 2023 presented at the end of September, for the benefit of firefighting. Gabriel Attal only mentions “additional credits for civil security”. A programming law is planned for the start of the school year for the Ministry of the Interior, and the budgetary roadmap provided for a few weeks ago, before the outbreak of the fires, an additional 15 billion euros for the next five years.

“We will have to learn lessons from what has happened and we will change our means of action and anticipation”, added Gabriel Attal, promising “new measures from next summer”. Once the fires have been extinguished, President Emmanuel Macron will bring together all the actors from the departments concerned in order to reflect on the “model of prevention and fight against fires” in France, the Elysée had also announced on Sunday.

How to deal with the rise of uncertainties?

Inflation, rising interest rates, Ukraine and now political uncertainty, the shocks are multiplying. To evolve in an increasingly complex environment, the editorial expertise of Les Echos is invaluable. Every day, our surveys, analyses, columns and editorials accompany our subscribers, help them understand the changes that are transforming our world and prepare them to make the best decisions.

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Love on screen: “This kiss – the most famous in the history of cinema – is adultery”


Find all the episodes of “Love Story”, as and when, in our file.

The waves, that’s the main thing. Lying on the sand of Blowhole Beach in Hawaii, Burt Lancaster and Deborah Kerr kiss furiously. He, on his back, embraces this woman who leans over him. She, to the side, seems to be stripping off her old-fashioned bathing suit. He is Milton, the sergeant, she is Karen, the captain’s wife. This kiss – the most famous in the history of cinema – is adultery. In 1953, “As long as there will be men” is a film which smells of sulfur – and lust. Spectators love it. The women swoon. Politicians – we are in the middle of the McCarthy era – are ranting.

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Fred Zinnemann, the director, does not back down. And put on the posters: “A courageous film”. Indeed: not only will these two lovers caressed by the waves become famous, but the passion that drives them will set their lives on fire. For a few weeks, Burt Lancaster the s

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